Don L Rempel

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Fourier transform mass spectrometry will play an important role in the future because of its unique combination of high mass resolution, high upper mass limit, and multichannel advantage. These features have already found application in gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, multiphoton ionization, laser desorption, and secondary ion mass spectrometry.(More)
We applied a new method, "protein-ligand interaction using mass spectrometry, titration, and H/D exchange" (PLIMSTEX) [Zhu, M. M. (2003) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 5252-5253], to determine the conformational changes, binding stoichiometry, and binding constants for Ca(2+) interactions with calmodulin (CaM) under varying conditions of electrolyte identity and(More)
Fast photochemical oxidation of proteins (FPOP) is a chemical footprinting method whereby exposed amino-acid residues are covalently labeled by oxidation with hydroxyl radicals produced by the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide. Modified residues can be detected by standard trypsin proteolysis followed by LC/MS/MS, providing information about solvent(More)
Protein arginine deiminases (PADs) are calcium-dependent histone-modifying enzymes whose activity is dysregulated in inflammatory diseases and cancer. PAD2 functions as an Estrogen Receptor (ER) coactivator in breast cancer cells via the citrullination of histone tail arginine residues at ER binding sites. Although an attractive therapeutic target, the(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE1) is an essential base excision repair protein that also functions as a reduction and oxidation (redox) factor in mammals. Through a thiol-based mechanism, APE1 reduces a number of important transcription factors, including AP-1, p53, NF-κB, and HIF-1α. What is known about the mechanism to date is that the buried(More)
We report a new, mass spectrometry-based method for measuring affinity constants for specific metal ion binding to DNA, particularly for quadruplex DNA. This method, which is applicable to other systems, utilizes the gas-phase signal fractions, as determined by mass spectrometry, from the bound and unbound species as input into a mathematical model that(More)
Preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease require understanding the aggregation of amyloid beta 1-42 (Aβ1-42) to give oligomers, protofibrils, and fibrils. Here we describe footprinting of Aβ1-42 by hydroxyl radical-based fast photochemical oxidation of proteins (FPOP) and mass spectrometry (MS) to monitor the time-course of Aβ1-42 aggregation. We(More)
We report a new mass-spectrometry-based approach for studying protein-folding dynamics on the submillisecond time scale. The strategy couples a temperature jump with fast photochemical oxidation of proteins (FPOP), whereby folding/unfolding is followed by changes in oxidative modifications by OH radical reactions. Using a flow system containing the protein(More)
Protein-ligand binding and the concomitant conformational change in the protein are of crucial importance in biophysics and drug design. We report a novel method to quantify protein-ligand interactions in solution by mass spectrometry, titration, and H/D exchange (PLIMSTEX). The approach can determine the conformational change, binding stoichiometry, and(More)