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Fourier transform mass spectrometry will play an important role in the future because of its unique combination of high mass resolution, high upper mass limit, and multichannel advantage. These features have already found application in gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, multiphoton ionization, laser desorption, and secondary ion mass spectrometry.(More)
We applied a new method, "protein-ligand interaction using mass spectrometry, titration, and H/D exchange" (PLIMSTEX) [Zhu, M. M. (2003) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 5252-5253], to determine the conformational changes, binding stoichiometry, and binding constants for Ca(2+) interactions with calmodulin (CaM) under varying conditions of electrolyte identity and(More)
We report a new mass-spectrometry-based approach for studying protein-folding dynamics on the submillisecond time scale. The strategy couples a temperature jump with fast photochemical oxidation of proteins (FPOP), whereby folding/unfolding is followed by changes in oxidative modifications by OH radical reactions. Using a flow system containing the protein(More)
Fast photochemical oxidation of proteins (FPOP) is a chemical footprinting method whereby exposed amino-acid residues are covalently labeled by oxidation with hydroxyl radicals produced by the photolysis of hydrogen peroxide. Modified residues can be detected by standard trypsin proteolysis followed by LC/MS/MS, providing information about solvent(More)
Some capsid proteins built on the ubiquitous HK97-fold have accessory domains imparting specific functions. Bacteriophage P22 coat protein has a unique insertion domain (I-domain). Two prior I-domain models from subnanometer cryoelectron microscopy (cryoEM) reconstructions differed substantially. Therefore, the I-domain's nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
Probing the conformational changes of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide aggregation is challenging owing to the vast heterogeneity of the resulting soluble aggregates. To investigate the formation of these aggregates in solution, we designed an MS-based biophysical approach and applied it to the formation of soluble aggregates of the Aβ42 peptide, the proposed(More)
Protein-ligand binding and the concomitant conformational change in the protein are of crucial importance in biophysics and drug design. We report a novel method to quantify protein-ligand interactions in solution by mass spectrometry, titration, and H/D exchange (PLIMSTEX). The approach can determine the conformational change, binding stoichiometry, and(More)
Steroid conjugates, which often occur as metabolites, are challenging to characterize. One application is female-mouse urine, where steroid conjugates serve as important ligands for the pheromone-sensing neurons. Although the two with the highest abundance in mouse urine were previously characterized with mass spectrometry (MS) and NMR to be sulfated(More)
A fast method to detect and sequence photomodified oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) by exonuclease digestion and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) is reported. Upon treatment of modified ODNs with both phosphodiesterase I and phosphodiesterase II, the digestion stops at the sites of photomodification. Post-source decay(More)