Don L Hamilton

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Problems in ion and fluid transfer across the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) are a probable cause of inappropriate accumulations of fluid between the photoreceptors of the retina and the RPE. The activities of Cl- transporters involved in basal fluid transfer across the RPE have been compared to determine whether Ca2+- or cAMP-dependent channels may be(More)
The relationship between ceruloplasmin, a metalloenzyme with oxidase activity, and copper was investigated in cattle and sheep. The oxidase activity of ceruloplasmin correlated closely with the serum or plasma copper concentrations in cattle. The respective correlation coefficients were 0.83 and 0.60. In sheep serum, a correlation coefficient of 0.92 was(More)
The effect of thiamin on the organ distribution of lead was evaluated in CD-1 mice exposed intragastrically or intraperitoneally to a single dose of lead acetate (100 micrograms) containing 100 microCi lead 203. They were treated with either thiamin (25 or 50 mg/kg body weight), calcium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (CaEDTA) (50 mg/kg body weight), or(More)
The effect of segregated early weaning (SEW) on postweaning small intestinal development was investigated in SEW and control (CON) pigs. Small intestines were collected from a total of 15 pigs killed at 11 (preweaning), 15 (3 d postweaning), and 34 d of age. At 3 d postweaning, the SEW and CON pigs had shorter villi (P<.01), deeper crypts (P<.01), and(More)
The role of the submandibular salivary gland in erythropoiesis in the male mouse (MRC TO strain) was evaluated by subjecting mice without submandibular salivary glands (SX) and control (C) sham-operated mice to a variety of stimuli intended to stress the erythropoietic system. In SX mice, after removal of the submandibular glands at age 4 weeks and(More)
Zinc absorption from a test dose of (65Zn) zinc chloride was increased in mice with a high capacity to absorb iron induced by a low-iron diet. When radiolabelled zinc chloride in concentrations varying from 0.025 to 0.30 mM was perfused through open-ended duodenal loops of mice fed this diet, the proportion of zinc taken up from the lumen and transferred to(More)
The average gastrointestinal uptake 4 h after an intragastric dose of 400 nmol of cadmium chloride labeled with 109CdCl2 in iron-deficient mice, 25%, was significantly greater than the result, 16%, in iron-normal animals, and more cadmium entered the body of the former, 3.8%, than the latter, 2% (P less than 0.05). Between 4 and 72 h, gastrointestinal(More)
Weanling female Swiss mice were fed copper-deficient or copper-replete diets for 28 days. Mice fed the copper-deficient diet exhibited typical signs copper deficiency, which included reduced weight gains, anemia, and low liver copper concentrations. The effect of copper deficiency on antibody production, in particular, T-lymphocyte dependent and independent(More)