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A rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the analysis of coumarin, 7-hydroxycoumarin and its glucuronide conjugate in urine and plasma. This method was used to monitor the urinary excretion of these compounds following a single oral dose of coumarin (100 mg). This new method gives excellent chromatographic(More)
A sensitive spectrofluorimetric assay has been developed for the determination of 7-hydroxycoumarin (7-OHC) in urine and plasma. Assay systems for urine and plasma were developed and compared with regard to linearity, accuracy, precision, limit of quantification, percentage recovery and assay time. The amount of 7-OHC conjugated to glucuronide and excreted(More)
The electrochemical behaviour of 7-OH-coumarin at the bare glassy carbon electrode has been studied using differential pulse voltammetry, and based on anodic detection of this metabolite at 0.66 V (vs SCE) using DC amperometry, a method has been developed for the determination of 7-OH-coumarin levels in urine samples, and a pharmacokinetic profile(More)
A derivative of coumarin, 8-nitro-7-hydroxycoumarin (8-NO2-7-OHC), was synthesised, purified and characterised. The cytostatic and cytotoxic nature of this compound was determined using both human and animal cell lines grown in vitro for 96 h in the presence of drug (0-500 microM, equivalent to 0-104 microg/ml). 8-NO2-7-OHC was shown to be cytotoxic to(More)
Optimization of a 5-oxopyrrolopyridine series based upon structure-activity relationships (SARs) developed from our previous efforts on a number of related bicyclic series yielded compound 2s (BMS-767778) with an overall activity, selectivity, efficacy, PK, and developability profile suitable for progression into the clinic. SAR in the series and(More)
Design, synthesis, and SAR of 7-oxopyrrolopyridine-derived DPP4 inhibitors are described. The preferred stereochemistry of these atropisomeric biaryl analogs has been identified as Sa. Compound (+)-3t, with a K(i) against DPP4, DPP8, and DPP9 of 0.37 nM, 2.2, and 5.7 μM, respectively, showed a significant improvement in insulin response after single doses(More)
Coumarin is a constituent of many plants. It has found use in industry mainly due to its strong fragrant odour. Coumarin has been used in the treatment of a range of ailments such as cancer, burns, brucellosis and rheumatic disease [l]. The most commonly used quantitative method for coumarin analysis in biological samples is high per formance liquid(More)
An amperometric biosensor, based on an anti-7-hydroxycoumarin (7-OH-coumarin) antibody immobilized at the surface of a glassy carbon electrode, and contained behind a cellulose dialysis membrane, is described. The electrochemical behaviour of this metabolite at the bare glassy carbon electrode was found to be well defined by using differential-pulse(More)
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