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Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and closely related Glu-Leu-Arg (ELR) containing CXC chemokines, including growth-related oncogene (GRO)alpha, GRObeta, GROgamma, and epithelial cell-derived neutrophil-activating peptide-78 (ENA-78), are potent neutrophil chemotactic and activating peptides, which are proposed to be major mediators of inflammation. IL-8 activates(More)
The pharmacological and pharmacokinetic profile of SB-222200 [(S)-(-)-N-(alpha-ethylbenzyl)-3-methyl-2-phenylquinoline-4-car boxami de], a human NK-3 receptor (hNK-3R) antagonist, was determined. SB-222200 inhibited (125)I-[MePhe(7)]neurokinin B (NKB) binding to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell membranes stably expressing the hNK-3 receptor (CHO-hNK-3R)(More)
The effects of a second generation p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor, SB 239063 [trans-1-(4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-4-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-(2-methoxypyridim idi n-4-yl)imidazole; IC(50) = 44 nM vs. p38 alpha], were assessed in models that represent different pathological aspects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) [airway(More)
Since the discovery of p38 MAP kinase in 1994, our understanding of its biology has progressed dramatically. The key advances include (1) identification of p38 MAP kinase homologs and protein kinases that act upstream and downstream from p38 MAP kinase, (2) identification of interesting and potentially important substrates, (3) elucidation of the role of(More)
The in vitro and in vivo pharmacological profile of SB 223412 [(S)-(-)-N-(alpha-ethylbenzyl)-3-hydroxy-2-phenylquinoline-4-carbo xamide], a novel human NK-3 (hNK-3) receptor antagonist, is described. SB 223412 demonstrated enantioselective affinity for inhibition of [125I][MePhe7]neurokinin B (NKB) binding to membranes of CHO cells expressing the hNK-3(More)
A method to quantitate myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity from rat whole kidney is described. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration into tissue is a hallmark of acute inflammation. Historically, the degree of inflammation has been quantified by the identification and enumeration of PMNs histologically or by some other means. More recently, the enzyme(More)
Two different techniques were utilized to identify the infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) into cerebral tissue following focal ischemia: histologic analysis and a modified myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity assay. Twenty-four hours after producing permanent cortical ischemia by occluding and severing the middle cerebral artery of male(More)
SB 203580 [4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4- pyridyl)imidazole], a selective cytokine suppressive binding protein/p38 kinase inhibitor, was evaluated in several models of cytokine inhibition and inflammatory disease. It was demonstrated clearly to be a potent inhibitor of inflammatory cytokine production in vivo in both mice and rats with(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by reversible bronchial constriction, pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling. Current standard therapies for asthma provide symptomatic control but fail to target the underlying disease pathology. Furthermore, no therapeutic agent is effective in preventing airway remodeling. Interleukin 13(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of SB 242235, a potent and selective inhibitor of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, on joint integrity in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). METHODS Male Lewis rats with AIA were orally treated either prophylactically (days 0-20) or therapeutically (days 10-20) with SB 242235. Efficacy was determined by(More)