Don C. Siess

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Scott G Hansen, Cassandra Vieville, Nathan Whizin, Lia Coyne-Johnson, Don C Siess, Derek D Drummond, Alfred W Legasse, Michael K Axthelm, Kelli Oswald, Charles M Trubey, Michael Piatak Jr, Jeffrey D Lifson, Jay A Nelson, Michael A Jarvis & Louis J Picker Nat. Med. 15, 293–299 (2009); published online 15 February 2009; corrected after print 6 April 2009;(More)
The mechanisms linking human immunodeficiency virus replication to the progressive immunodeficiency of acquired immune deficiency syndrome are controversial, particularly the relative contribution of CD4+ T cell destruction. Here, we used the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) model to investigate the relationship between systemic CD4+ T cell dynamics and(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can superinfect persistently infected hosts despite CMV-specific humoral and cellular immunity; however, how it does so remains undefined. We have demonstrated that superinfection of rhesus CMV-infected rhesus macaques (RM) requires evasion of CD8+ T cell immunity by virally encoded inhibitors of major histocompatibility complex class(More)
Amphiregulin (AR) and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) are two recently identified members of the EGF family. Both AR and HB-EGF share with EGF the ability to interact with the type-1 EGF receptor; however, AR and HB-EGF differ from EGF in that both of these mitogens bind to heparin while EGF does not. To determine whether interactions with(More)
The rapid onset of massive, systemic viral replication during primary HIV/SIV infection and the immune evasion capabilities of these viruses pose fundamental problems for vaccines that depend upon initial viral replication to stimulate effector T cell expansion and differentiation1–5. We hypothesized that vaccines designed to maintain differentiated(More)
Although CMV infection is largely benign in immunocompetent people, the specific T cell responses associated with control of this persistent virus are enormous and must be maintained for life. These responses may increase with advanced age and have been linked to an "immune risk profile" that is associated with poor immune responsiveness and increased(More)
The rapid onset of massive, systemic viral replication during primary HIV or simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection and the immune evasion capabilities of these viruses pose fundamental problems for vaccines that depend upon initial viral replication to stimulate effector T cell expansion and differentiation. We hypothesized that vaccines designed to(More)
Prevention of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV remains a major objective where antenatal care is not readily accessible. We tested anti-HIV-1 human neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (NmAb) as post-exposure therapy in an infant macaque model for intrapartum MTCT. One-month-old rhesus macaques were inoculated orally with SHIVSF162P3. On days 1, 4,(More)
The binding properties of the bovine receptors (IL-2R) for the lymphokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) have been examined using activated bovine lymphoid cells and human recombinant [125I] IL-2. The results of these binding studies indicate that the bovine IL-2R in many ways resembles the receptors for human and mouse IL-2, but with some differences. Equilibrium(More)
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV remains a major objective where antenatal care is not readily accessible. We tested HIV-1–specific human neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (NmAbs) as a post-exposure therapy in an infant macaque model for intrapartum MTCT. One-month-old rhesus macaques were inoculated orally with the simian-human(More)