Don C. Guiroy

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We have verified, by full open reading frame sequencing, the presence of an amino-acid-altering mutation in codon 102 of the scrapie amyloid protein gene in three affected members of a large and well-documented German family with experimentally transmitted Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome. In addition, we identified the mutation by partial sequencing(More)
We report here results of modern staining techniques including anti-prion protein (PrP) immunocytochemistry to a set of archival brain specimens of a 16 year-old male who died from kuru in 1967. Brain suspensions transmitted disease to chimpanzees and New World monkeys. The PrP gene is homozygous for valine at the polymorphic codon 129. Histology shows(More)
We have used immunohistochemical techniques and a monoclonal antibody against proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) to investigate the proliferative activity of glial cells in mice with experimental Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), and in human cases of CJD, kuru and Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS). Only a small proportion of hypertrophic(More)
The presence of abundant intraneuronal amyloid in the form of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in the brains of Guamanian parkinsonism-dementia patients and the absence of extraneuronal amyloid in the form of vascular amyloid deposits or senile plaques permit the purification of NFT without contamination with extraneuronal amyloid. Thus, we have isolated and(More)
Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) in captive and free-ranging cervids in the USA; its origin is obscure. Archival formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens of 16 captive mule deer brains with CWD were analyzed using immunocytochemistry for the disease-associated prion protein (PrP). The most prominent(More)
Transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME), a naturally occurring subacute spongiform encephalopathy in commercially ranch-reared mink (Mustela vision), is characterized neuropathologically by spongiform changes in the neuropil, intracytoplasmic neuronal vacuolation and astrocytic hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Amyloid deposits have not been observed in brain(More)
Scrapie amyloid-immunoreactive plaques are present in brain tissues of captive mule deer with chronic wasting disease (CWD), a progressive neurological disorder characterized neuropathologically by widespread spongiform change of the neuropil, intracytoplasmic vacuolation in neuronal perikarya and astrocytic hypertrophy and hyperplasia. We report here the(More)
We report the localization of amyloid β-protein and sulfated glycosaminoglycans in senile plaques and vascular amyloid deposits in brain tissues from patients with Down's syndrome and Alzheimer's discase, and in neurofibrillary tangles of these diseases and those of Guamanian parkinsonism-dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. We also report the(More)
Chronic wasting disease (CWD), a progressive neurological disorder of captive mule deer, blacktailed deer, hybrids of mule deer and white-tailed deer and Rocky Mountain elk, is characterized neuropathologically by widespread spongiform change of the neuropil, intracytoplasmic vacuolation in neuronal perikarya and astrocytic hypertrophy and hyperplasia. We(More)
We report the pathological and immunohistochemical changes in the first-order neurons in the trigeminal ganglia in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Degenerative changes consisted of cytoplasmic vacuolation and fenestration, abundant satellite cells, neurofilament accumulation in neurons, and axonal dystrophy with spheroid formation and torpedolike(More)