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Recent studies have demonstrated that bovine and primate aqueous humor (AH) obstruct flow when perfused through artificial membranes with pore sizes similar to those found in the aqueous outflow pathway. Proteinaceous AH components were implicated in this phenomenon, which is not observed with serum diluted to comparable protein concentrations. In this(More)
Scar formation and fibrosis are the most common causes of ultimate glaucoma filtration surgery failure. The authors used Coulter counter, hexosaminidase, and 3H-thymidine assays to evaluate the effects of mithramycin, mitomycin, daunorubicin, and bleomycin on human subconjunctival fibroblast growth in tissue culture. Fifty percent inhibitory doses (ID50)(More)
The rate of aqueous humor flow of 19 normal subjects was measured by a fluorescein clearance technique during the day, during sleep (at night) and during sleep deprivation (at night). Subjects engaged in routine activities during the daytime measurements and slept in comfortable quarters during the nighttime measurement. They remained awake and active(More)
Evidence has been found suggesting that long-term therapy with topical antiglaucoma medications may decrease the success of glaucoma filtering surgery. To investigate this question further, the antiproliferative effects of the preservative benzalkonium chloride and three pure and commercially available beta-adrenergic antagonist preparations (timolol,(More)
We describe a new technique for the separation and isolation of nonpigmented ciliary body epithelial cells from rabbit. Excised ciliary body is incubated in a medium buffered with EGTA to a free-Ca2+ concentration of 10(-8) M, and the nonpigmented cell layer is separated from the pigmented layer by microdissection under direct visualization. This technique(More)
Transcorneal and transscleral iontophoresis were compared to subconjunctival injection (control) in the delivery of gentamicin into rabbit eyes. Gentamicin levels in the corena, aqueous, and vitreous were measured by a fluorescence polarization assay at various time intervals after treatment. A mean peak corneal concentration of 376.1 micrograms/ml was(More)
Collagen deposition is largely responsible for scar information, an undesirable outcome of glaucoma filtering surgery. Because interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) has been reported to inhibit collagen synthesis in a variety of cells, the authors examined its effect on collagen synthesis by Tenon's capsule fibroblasts cultured from three patients. In addition, the(More)
Activities of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase of calf trabecular meshwork were measured and found to be 0.23 and 0.47 mumole/min/g tissue, respectively. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase was purified 450-fold with a yield of 91% by anion exchange chromatography and 2',5'-ADP agarose affinity chromatography. It was(More)
PURPOSE Gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN) has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of collagenous protein production independent of its effects on noncollagenous protein production and cell proliferation in vitro. To understand further the processes controlling tissue fibrosis and the potential use of gamma-IFN as an antifibrotic treatment after glaucoma(More)
SUMMARY This study was designed to identify the ultrasound echoes originating from the left ventricle. Injections of indocyanine green and saline were made directly in the left ventricular cavity via a cardiac catheter in patients undergoing routine diagnostic cardiac catheterization. The injections produced a cloud of echoes that filled the left(More)