Domokos Gerő

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Innate immune receptors for pathogen- and damage-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs and DAMPs) orchestrate inflammatory responses to infection and injury. Secreted by activated immune cells or passively released by damaged cells, HMGB1 is subjected to redox modification that distinctly influences its extracellular functions. Previously, it was unknown how(More)
Reactive oxygen species, such as hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) induce oxidative stress and DNA-injury. The subsequent activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases including ischaemia-reperfusion injury, circulatory shock, diabetic complications and atherosclerosis. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury during liver resection leads to the production of toxic free radicals and oxidants that influence the microcirculation. DNA single-strand breaks can be induced by these reactive species. In response to excessive DNA damage, PARP [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase] becomes overactivated, which can lead to cellular ATP(More)
Liver ischemia represents a common clinical problem. In the present study, using an in vitro model of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, we evaluated the potential cytoprotective effect of the purine metabolites, such as adenosine and inosine, and studied the mode of their pharmacological actions. The human hepatocellular carcinoma-derived cell line HepG2(More)
The development of diabetic vascular complications is initiated, at least in part, by mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in endothelial cells. Hyperglycemia induces superoxide production in the mitochondria and initiates changes in the mitochondrial membrane potential that leads to mitochondrial dysfunction. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S)(More)
The gaseous mediator hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is synthesized mainly by cystathionine γ-lyase in the heart and plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis. Here we first overview the state of the art in the literature on the cardioprotective effects of H(2)S in various models of cardiac injury. Subsequently, we present original data showing(More)
It is more than 10 years now that mitochondria are suspected to be sources of nitric oxide (NO). This hypothesis is intriguing since NO has multiple targets within the organelle and it is even suggested that mitochondria are the primary targets of NO in the cell. Most remarkably, nanomolar concentrations of NO can inhibit mitochondrial respiration, so even(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical methods that reduce bleeding during major hepatic resections lead to warm ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury of the liver. This is well known to have a considerable impact on the postoperative outcome. Much research work has been done to develop possible protective techniques. We aimed to investigate the effectivity of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury is responsible for the morbidity associated with liver surgery. Production of toxic free radicals influences the microcirculation. The aim of our study was to examine the effect of glutamine (Gln) supplementation--adminstered in alanyl-glutamine dipeptide form--on liver function, immuno/histopathology and(More)
Overproduction of oxidants and free radicals in ageing tissues induces nitro-oxidative stress, which has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular dysfunction associated with ageing. Peroxynitrite, a strong cytotoxic oxidant damages proteins and DNA and activates several pathways causing tissue injury, including the(More)