Dominique Vautrin

Learn More
While workers of almost all subspecies of honeybee are able to lay only haploid male eggs, Apis mellifera capensis workers are able to produce diploid female eggs by thelytokous parthenogenesis. Cytological analyses have shown that during parthenogenesis, egg diploidy is restored by fusion of the two central meiotic products. This peculiarity of the Cape(More)
The honey bee is a key model for social behavior and this feature led to the selection of the species for genome sequencing. A genetic map is a necessary companion to the sequence. In addition, because there was originally no physical map for the honey bee genome project, a meiotic map was the only resource for organizing the sequence assembly on the(More)
Variability of mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) has been studied in 973 colonies from 23 populations of the west European honey bees (lineage M) using restriction profiles of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified DNA fragment of the COI-COII intergenic region. Although populations are almost always introgressed by two other mtDNA lineages(More)
Varroa destructor, now a major pest of the Western honeybee, Apis mellifera, switched from its original host, the Eastern honeybee, A. cerana, ca. 50 years ago. So far, only two out of several known mitochondrial haplotypes of V. destructor have been found to be capable of reproducing on A. mellifera (Korea and Japan). These haplotypes are associated in(More)
Sequences of a segment of the 16S ribosomal DNA of Wolbachia, a rickettsia-like microorganism responsible for cytoplasmic incompatibility in Drosophila simulans, have been obtained after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. Their comparison with other eubacterial sequences allows us to assign these endosymbionts to the alpha subdivision of purple(More)
A linkage map for the honeybee (Apis mellifera) was constructed mainly from the progeny of two hybrid queens (A. m. ligustica x A. m. mellifera). A total of 541 loci were mapped; 474 were microsatellite loci; a few were additional bands produced during PCRs, one of the two rDNA loci (using ITS), the MDH locus, and three sex-linked markers (Q and FB loci and(More)
Ten microsatellites were isolated and characterized from a partial genomic library of Rhodnius prolixus, the principal Chagas disease vector in Venezuela, Colombia and Central America. These polymorphic molecular markers could be particularly useful in Chagas disease control initiatives. A wider applicability of the primer-pairs isolated was shown, from 6(More)
We present details and characteristics of 123 novel polymorphic microsatellite DNA loci for Bombus terrestris. Thirty-four of these loci have been tested in nine other Bombus species and 25 of them showed polymorphisms in at least one species. These microsatellite DNA loci together with the already established 60 loci will be useful for characterizing wild(More)
Paromomycin is an antileishmanial chemotherapeutic agent. Leishmania donovani promastigotes resistant to 800 microM of paromomycin were selected by increasing drug pressure and cloned. These promastigotes did not acquire multidrug resistance. Paromomycin resistance was stable in the absence of the drug in the culture. It remained stable also in amastigotes(More)
Meiotic recombination is a fundamental process ensuring proper disjunction of homologous chromosomes and allele shuffling in successive generations. In many species, this cellular mechanism occurs heterogeneously along chromosomes and mostly concentrates in tiny fragments called recombination hotspots. Specific DNA motifs have been shown to initiate(More)