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TCP proteins are plant-specific transcription factors identified so far only in angiosperms and shown to be involved in specifying plant morphologies. However, the functions of these proteins remain largely unknown. Our study is the first phylogenetic analysis comparing the TCP genes from higher and lower plants, and it dates the emergence of the TCP family(More)
Microbial pathogens infect host cells by delivering virulence factors (effectors) that interfere with defenses. In plants, intracellular nucleotide-binding/leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs) detect specific effector interference and trigger immunity by an unknown mechanism. The Arabidopsis-interacting NLR pair, RRS1-R with RPS4, confers resistance to(More)
The large intergenic ribosomal gene spacer is an important DNA sequence from at least two points of view. This is the region where most of the variability in the ribosomal genes resides [7, 12, 14] and detailed analysis of its sequence should unravel some of the molecular mechanisms leading to this extensive variability. A second important feature of the(More)
The promoters of Arabidopsis eEF1A genes contain a telomere motif, the telo-box, associated with an activating sequence, the tef-box. Database searches indicated the presence of telo-boxes in the 5' region of numerous genes encoding components of the translational apparatus. By using several promoter constructs we demonstrate that the telo-box is required(More)
In eukaryotes, transcription factors of the E2F family, in addition to having a role in cell proliferation, participate in regulating apoptosis, differentiation and development. In Arabidopsis thaliana, eight gene sequences have been identified as encoding E2F or DP homologues. DP proteins form heterodimers with E2Fs. The aim of this work was to(More)
A cDNA clone encoding a small GTP-binding protein, the ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) was isolated from a cDNA library of Arabidopsis thaliana cultured cells. The predicted amino acid sequence was highly homologous to the known yeast, bovine and human ARF sequences. Southern analysis of Arabidopsis genomic DNA suggested the existence of at least two copies(More)
AtTCP20 is a transcription factor belonging to the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) TCP-P subfamily, characterized by its capacity to bind to site II motifs (TGGGCY). Our aim was to understand the role of AtTCP20 in plant development. The expression pattern of a translational fusion of Prom(TCP20):CDS20GUSGFP suggested a function for AtTCP20 in several(More)
The telo-box, an interstitial telomere motif, was shown to regulate gene expression in root meristems, in synergy with a cis-acting element involved in the activation of expression of plant eEF1A genes, encoding the translation elongation factor EF1A, and of several ribosomal protein genes. We demonstrate here that the telo-box is also required for(More)
In Arabidopsis thaliana, EF-1 alpha proteins are encoded by a multigene family of four members. Three of them are clustered at the same locus, which was positioned 24 cM from the top of chromosome 1. A region of DNA spanning 63 kb around these locus was sequenced and analyzed. One main characteristic of the locus is the mosaic organization of both genes and(More)
We have focused our interest on two cis-regulatory elements, named site II motif and telo box, identified within the promoter of plant proliferating cellular nuclear antigen (PCNA) and putatively involved in meristematic expression of the gene. A conserved topological association between site II motifs and telo boxes is observed in the promoter of numerous(More)