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Little is known concerning how the coordination of Ca(2+) signaling aids in capillary endothelial cell (CEC) functions, such as microvascular permeability and angiogenesis. Previous reports support the major involvement of gap junction (GJ) channels. However, the cell-to-cell communication may not be straightforward, especially if we consider the(More)
In cardiac myocytes, cromakalim (BRL 34915), a potassium channel opener, activates a time-independent K+ current exhibiting poor voltage-sensitivity. This effect of cromakalim is antagonized by low concentrations of glibenclamide, a specific blocker of ATP-dependent K+ channels in cardiac cells. Direct recording of the activity of K+ channels in inside-out(More)
We investigated the contribution of opening of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel to extracellular accumulation of K+ during ischemia with the use of glibenclamide, a specific blocker of this K+ channel. To characterize the electrophysiological effects of glibenclamide during metabolic inhibition (by either application of dinitrophenol or hypoxia) we performed(More)
Bradykinin (BK) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-165 stimulate vasodilatation, microvascular permeability, and angiogenesis via the activation of the B2-type and KDR/Flk-1 receptors. To delineate the signal transduction pathways distal to the receptor activation in microvascular permeability, we compared their effects on two downstream targets,(More)
In a previous article (Escande et al. 1988a), we have shown that cromakalim (BRL 34915), a potassium channel opener (PCO), is a potent activator of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in cardiac cells. In the present article, the influence on K+ channels of two other potassium channel openers chemically unrelated to cromakalim, RP 49356 and pinacidil, has been(More)
1. The effects of intracellular redox couples were investigated on the activation by voltage, Ca2+ and NS 1619 of maxi-K channels in enzymatically isolated smooth muscle cells from large pulmonary arteries of rabbits. 2. In inside-out membrane patches, maxi-K channels were characterized by a single-channel conductance of 266 pS in symmetrical 140 mM KCl(More)
The effect of 2,3-butanedione 2-monoxime (BDM), a substance possessing phosphatase-like activity, was studied on action potentials of isolated rat heart and on the slow inward calcium current and outward current (including the 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive transient outward component), in rat ventricular myocytes. In contrast to what was observed by(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to determine the main electrophysiological alterations associated with cardiac dilation in MS200 strain Syrian hamsters, a model of genetically determined cardiomyopathy. METHODS Ventricular action potentials (APs) were recorded with standard microelectrodes in isolated hearts from 120-day-old cardiomyopathic (strain(More)
We determined whether the dilated cardiomyopathy which develops between 30 and 140 days of age in the Syrian hamster strain MS200, before the onset of cardiac hypertrophy and failure, is associated with alterations in both the action potential (AP) and the Ca(2+)-independent transient outward current, Ito1. AP was recorded in perfused hearts using(More)
BACKGROUND Volatile anesthetics, such as halothane and isoflurane, have been reported to affect the endothelium mediated relaxation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Because the activity of the constitutive nitric oxide synthase in endothelial cells depends on the availability of intracellular Ca2+, there is a definite possibility that the observed(More)