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We investigated the contribution of opening of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel to extracellular accumulation of K+ during ischemia with the use of glibenclamide, a specific blocker of this K+ channel. To characterize the electrophysiological effects of glibenclamide during metabolic inhibition (by either application of dinitrophenol or hypoxia) we performed(More)
The effect of 2,3-butanedione 2-monoxime (BDM), a substance possessing phosphatase-like activity, was studied on action potentials of isolated rat heart and on the slow inward calcium current and outward current (including the 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive transient outward component), in rat ventricular myocytes. In contrast to what was observed by(More)
In a previous article (Escande et al. 1988a), we have shown that cromakalim (BRL 34915), a potassium channel opener (PCO), is a potent activator of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in cardiac cells. In the present article, the influence on K+ channels of two other potassium channel openers chemically unrelated to cromakalim, RP 49356 and pinacidil, has been(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to determine the main electrophysiological alterations associated with cardiac dilation in MS200 strain Syrian hamsters, a model of genetically determined cardiomyopathy. METHODS Ventricular action potentials (APs) were recorded with standard microelectrodes in isolated hearts from 120-day-old cardiomyopathic (strain(More)
The mechanism whereby RP 49356, a novel potassium channel opener, activates ATP-sensitive K+ channels (K+-ATP channels) in isolated cardiac cells was investigated with the patch-clamp technique. When directly applied onto the inner face of an inside-out membrane patch, RP 49356 (300 microM) had no effect on K+ channels opened in an ATP-free solution. In(More)
Little is known concerning how the coordination of Ca(2+) signaling aids in capillary endothelial cell (CEC) functions, such as microvascular permeability and angiogenesis. Previous reports support the major involvement of gap junction (GJ) channels. However, the cell-to-cell communication may not be straightforward, especially if we consider the(More)
In cardiac myocytes, cromakalim (BRL 34915), a potassium channel opener, activates a time-independent K+ current exhibiting poor voltage-sensitivity. This effect of cromakalim is antagonized by low concentrations of glibenclamide, a specific blocker of ATP-dependent K+ channels in cardiac cells. Direct recording of the activity of K+ channels in inside-out(More)
Normally-polarized tissue from the human atrial myocardium usually exhibits a diastolic depolarization phase which can be suppressed reversibly by Cs+ or enhanced by inhibiting the inward rectifier K+ current, iK1, with Ba2+. (Escande et al., 1986). Because the suppression of the diastolic slope by Cs+ leads to a hyperpolarization of the cell membrane at(More)
We determined whether the dilated cardiomyopathy which develops between 30 and 140 days of age in the Syrian hamster strain MS200, before the onset of cardiac hypertrophy and failure, is associated with alterations in both the action potential (AP) and the Ca(2+)-independent transient outward current, Ito1. AP was recorded in perfused hearts using(More)
Bradykinin (BK) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-165 stimulate vasodilatation, microvascular permeability, and angiogenesis via the activation of the B2-type and KDR/Flk-1 receptors. To delineate the signal transduction pathways distal to the receptor activation in microvascular permeability, we compared their effects on two downstream targets,(More)