Dominique Stengel

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Cyclic nucleotides are major intracellular mediators in the signal transduction events in synaptic neurotransmission of the CNS. Intracellular Ca2+ is known to regulate adenylyl cyclase (AC) in a calmodulin (CaM)-dependent manner, and guanylyl cyclase (GC), in an indirect manner through CaM-sensitive nitric oxide synthase. To ascertain the physiological(More)
Oxidation of low density lipoproteins is an initial step of atherogenesis that generates pro-inflammatory phospholipids, including platelet-activating factor (PAF) and its analogs. PAF is degraded by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), a circulating enzyme having both pro- and anti-inflammatory activities. PAF-AH activity has been postulated to be a risk factor(More)
Atherosclerosis as a chronic inflammatory disease resulting from the imbalance of the pro- and anti-inflammatory factors in the vessel wall. PAF and PAF-like oxidized phospholipids generated upon LDL oxidation in the intima of the arteries may interact with infiltrated monocytes/macrophages and lead to the alteration of gene expression patterns accompanied(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is characterized by an early inflammatory response involving proinflammatory mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like phospholipids, which are inactivated by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of PAF-AH on injury-induced neointima formation and spontaneous atherosclerosis was(More)
OBJECTIVE Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) expresses a Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 activity and hydrolyzes platelet-activating factor as well as oxidized phospholipids. Two major types of PAF-AH have been described: the plasma type, which is associated with lipoproteins, and the intracellular type II PAF-AH. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
A cDNA coding for a human type VIII adenylyl cyclase has been isolated from human newborn brain-stem tissue. This cDNA is 6,005 bp long and encodes for a protein of 1251 amino acids, exhibiting the two sets of six transmembrane spanning regions and the hydrophobicity profile typical of other mammalian adenylyl cyclases. Comparison with the rat form shows(More)
OBJECTIVE There is an important inflammatory component to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is therefore interesting that the risk of CVD is high in inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we investigated nontraditional risk factors for the development of CVD in patients with SLE. METHODS(More)
We have previously shown that liver plasma membrane (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase activity is inhibited by glucagon. To investigate the possible involvement of a GTP-binding (G) protein in this regulation, we have examined the effects of pertussis toxin and cholera toxin on inhibition of (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase by glucagon. Treatment of liver plasma membranes with(More)
The regulation of macrophage lipoprotein lipase (LPL) secretion and mRNA expression by atherogenic lipoproteins is of critical relevance to foam cell formation. LPL is present in arterial lesions and constitutes a bridging ligand between lipoproteins, proteoglycans, and cell receptors, thus favoring macrophage lipoprotein uptake and lipid accumulation. We(More)