Dominique Salomon

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INTRODUCTION Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) have been under epidemiological surveillance in France and in Europe since the early 1990s. The observation of iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (ESB) and its probable transmission to many species gave rise to the surveillance which(More)
BACKGROUND Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare fatal dementia caused by a transmissible agent. However, the mechanism leading to the disease is unknown in the majority of cases. The presence of geographically clustered cases might indicate a common environmental exposure to the transmissible agent, or case-to-case transmission of the agent. This study(More)
This study examined trends in mortality from sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in France for 1992-7 by age, genotype at the codon 129 of the prion protein gene, and geographical area. Case ascertainment was based on notifications by neurologists, neuropathologists, and laboratories; 324 deaths from definite or probable Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease were(More)
Quinacrine has been reported as an antiprion agent and proposed as an immediately applicable treatment for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The authors report the results of an open compassionate procedure to which 32 CJD patients had access. In some genotypic subgroups, a slight but nonsignificant increase in survival was observed, likely due to biased(More)
AIMS Neuronal death is a major neuropathological hallmark in prion diseases. The association between the accumulation of the disease-related prion protein (PrP(Sc) ) and neuronal loss varies within the wide spectrum of prion diseases and their experimental models. In this study, we investigated the relationships between neuronal loss and PrP(Sc) deposition(More)
BACKGROUND Surveillance of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is still an important issue because of the variant CJD epidemic, which is in decline and also because of the emergence of novel forms of animal transmissible spongiform encephalopathy with zoonotic potential and the risk of nosocomial and blood transfusion-related transmission. Active surveillance(More)
The frequency of sporadic CJD is maximum in the 70 to 79 years age group and decreases later. Clinical signs of CJD after the age of 80 do not differ from those before 80 excepted for myoclonia and cerebellar symptoms that are less frequently observed. The results of surrogate markers, neuropathological and biochemical examinations are comparable before or(More)
Diagnostic criteria of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), a rare and fatal transmissible nervous system disease with public health implications, are determined by clinical data, electroencephalogram (EEG), detection of 14-3-3 protein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), brain magnetic resonance imaging and prion protein gene examination. The specificity of protein(More)
BACKGROUND A recent case-control study showed that transfusion recipients were at an increased risk of developing sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), suggesting that blood donors with silent preclinical sCJD could transmit the sCJD agent. We therefore estimated the annual number of French blood donors expected to have preclinical sCJD at the time of(More)