Dominique Reumaux

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BACKGROUND Perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (pANCA) are a well recognised marker for ulcerative colitis. Antibodies to oligomannosidic epitopes of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA) are a new marker associated with Crohn's disease. AIMS To assess the value of detecting pANCA and/or ASCA for the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis(More)
The granule enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) plays an important role in neutrophil antimicrobial responses. However, the severity of immunodeficiency in patients carrying mutations in MPO is variable. Serious microbial infections, especially with Candida species, have been observed in a subset of completely MPO-deficient patients. Here we show that neutrophils(More)
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) have been described in sera of patients with several forms of systemic vasculitis, including Wegener's granulomatosis and microscopic polyarteritis. The two main targets of ANCA in vasculitis are proteinase 3 (PR3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). ANCA are capable of activating neutrophils primed by tumor necrosis(More)
PURPOSE To assess the value of serial determinations of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) for monitoring disease activity in patients with systemic vasculitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-three patients with histologically proven vasculitis (21 with Wegener's granulomatosis, 17 with microscopic polyangiitis, and 5 with renal-limited(More)
Little is known about the etiologies of diseases associated with circulating antineutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies (ANCA), such as primary vasculitides and inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the understanding of immune mechanisms supposedly involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases is still growing. In the present review, we first focus on the(More)
Anti-proteinase-3 (anti-PR3) or anti-myeloperoxidase (anti-MPO) antibodies are capable of activating human neutrophils primed by TNF-alpha in vitro. We described previously the involvement of FcgammaRIIa and beta(2) integrins in this neutrophil activation. In the literature, the requirement of TNF priming has been attributed to an effect of TNF-alpha on the(More)
Autoantibodies directed against polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) have been observed in serum from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) using indirect immunofluorescence and fixed granulocyte ELISA. Our study demonstrates the presence in the serum of these patients of autoantibodies which(More)
BACKGROUNDS Among anti-double-strand (ds)DNA antibody assays, Farr radioimmunoassay is decreasingly used because it requires radioactive material and is labor intensive. We evaluated the performance of Farr, three commercial enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) and the Crithidia luciliae immunofluorescence test (CLIFT) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS(More)