Dominique Pelletier

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Two kinds of approaches have been used for assessing conservation and fisheries-related effects of marine protected areas (MPAs): (i) statistical modelling based on field data and (ii) mathematical modelling quantifying the consequences of MPAs on the dynamics of populations, communities, and fisheries. Statistical models provide a diagnostic on the impact(More)
Glucose transport in the rat erythrocyte is subject to feedback regulation by sugar metabolism at high but not at low temperatures [Abumrad et al. (1988) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 938, 222-230]. This indicates that temperature, which is known to alter membrane fluidity, also alters sensitivity of transport to regulation. In the present work, we have(More)
his paper deals with the design of modelling tools suitable for investigating the consequences of alternative policies on the dynamics of resources and fisheries, such as the evaluation of marine protected areas (MPA). We first review the numerous models that have been developed for this purpose, and compare them from several standpoints: population(More)
Abstract : Computational fluid dynamics is extensively used in the design methodology of medical devices. However, for such applications, the predictive capabilities of CFD codes are highly dependent upon geometry, which most of the time is extremely complex, and flow conditions. The study concerns a ventricular assist device (VAD) where the exit flow,(More)
Observing spatial and temporal variations of marine biodiversity from non-destructive techniques is central for understanding ecosystem resilience, and for monitoring and assessing conservation strategies, e.g. Marine Protected Areas. Observations are generally obtained through Underwater Visual Censuses (UVC) conducted by divers. The problems inherent to(More)
Estimating diversity and abundance of fish species is fundamental for understanding community structure and dynamics of coral reefs. When designing a sampling protocol, one crucial step is the choice of the most suitable sampling technique which is a compromise between the questions addressed, the available means and the precision required. The objective of(More)