Dominique Pelletier

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Monitoring fish and underwater habitats, particularly in and around marine protected areas (MPAs) requires non-destructive observation methods. This is generally achieved by divers conducting underwater visual censuses (UVC), but video-based techniques are now being used more often to observe underwater macrofauna and habitats. A comparison of these two(More)
Estimating diversity and abundance of fish species is fundamental for understanding community structure and dynamics of coral reefs. When designing a sampling protocol, one crucial step is the choice of the most suitable sampling technique which is a compromise between the questions addressed, the available means and the precision required. The objective of(More)
Glucose transport in the rat erythrocyte is subject to feedback regulation by sugar metabolism at high but not at low temperatures [Abumrad et al. (1988) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 938, 222-230]. This indicates that temperature, which is known to alter membrane fluidity, also alters sensitivity of transport to regulation. In the present work, we have(More)
his paper deals with the design of modelling tools suitable for investigating the consequences of alternative policies on the dynamics of resources and fisheries, such as the evaluation of marine protected areas (MPA). We first review the numerous models that have been developed for this purpose, and compare them from several standpoints: population(More)
Two kinds of approaches have been used for assessing conservation and fisheries-related effects of marine protected areas (MPAs): (i) statistical modelling based on field data and (ii) mathematical modelling quantifying the consequences of MPAs on the dynamics of populations, communities, and fisheries. Statistical models provide a diagnostic on the impact(More)
In order to provide reliable scientific advice and support for fisheries management, it is necessary to evaluate the biological and economic sustainability of complex fisheries, such as multi-species multifleet fisheries. Existing policy-screening modelling tools are not fully suitable in this purpose due to either an over-simplified description of(More)
This paper presents for the first time numerical predictions of mechanical blood hemolysis obtained by solving a hyperbolic partial differential equation (PDE) modelling the hemolysis in a Eulerian frame of reference. This provides hemolysis predictions over the entire computational domain as an alternative to the Lagrangian approach consisting in(More)
The response of fish assemblages to changes in protection status is a major issue for both biodiversity conservation and fishery management. In New Caledonia, the Aboré reef marine reserve harbours more than 500 fish species, and has been subjected to changes in protection status since 1988. The present study investigates the impact of these changes on a(More)
This paper discusses code verification of Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) solvers with the method of manufactured solutions (MMS). Examples of manufactured solutions (MSs) for a two-dimensional, steady, wall-bounded, incompressible, turbulent flow are presented including the specification of the turbulence quantities incorporated in several popular(More)