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The present study was designed to assess the effects of dietary leucine supplementation on muscle protein synthesis and whole body protein kinetics in elderly individuals. Twenty healthy male subjects (70 +/- 1 years) were studied before and after continuous ingestion of a complete balanced diet supplemented or not with leucine. A primed (3.6 micromol(More)
Aging is characterized by a decrease of muscle mass associated with a decrease in postprandial anabolism. This study was performed to gain a better understanding of the intracellular mechanisms involved in the stimulation of muscle protein synthesis by amino acids and their role in the decrease of muscle sensitivity to food intake during aging. The effects(More)
One of the most important effects of aging is sarcopenia, which is associated with impaired locomotion and general weakness. In addition, there is increased susceptibility to illness in aging, which often results in muscle wasting episodes. In such instances, the mobilization of muscle proteins provides free amino acids that are used for energetic purpose,(More)
Aging is characterized by a progressive loss of muscle mass. A decrease of muscle protein synthesis stimulation has been detected in the postprandial state and correlated to a decrease of muscle protein synthesis sensitivity to leucine in vitro. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of a leucine-supplemented meal on postprandial (PP) muscle(More)
We studied glucocorticoid-induced muscle wasting and subsequent recovery in adult (7-mo-old) and old (22-mo-old) rats, since the increased incidence of various disease states may result in glucocorticoids hypersecretion in aging. Adult and old rats received dexamethasone in their drinking water and were then allowed to recover. Muscle wasting occurred more(More)
Skeletal muscle catabolism is a characteristic metabolic response to sepsis. We investigated the ability of physiological insulin (2 nM) or insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 10 nM) concentrations to modify protein metabolism during incubation of epitrochlearis 2, 6, or 15 days after injection of live Escherichia coli. On days 2 and 6 postinfection,(More)
A study was designed to compare the effects, in vitro, of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin on rat epitrochlearis muscle metabolism during aging (1, 6-8, or 18-20 months). Our results showed that in young epitrochlearis, IGF-1 was equipotent to insulin in stimulating 2-deoxy-glucose and aminoisobutyric acid transport but more potent in(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to evaluate the effects of resistance exercise (RE) and leucine (LEU) supplementation on dexamethasone (DEXA)-induced muscle atrophy and insulin resistance. METHODS Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into DEXA (DEX), DEXA + RE (DEX-RE), DEXA + LEU (DEX-LEU), and DEXA + RE + LEU (DEX-RE-LEU) groups. Each group received DEXA 5 mg ·(More)
Skeletal muscle loss is observed in several physiopathological situations. Strategies to prevent, slow down, or increase recovery of muscle have already been tested. Besides exercise, nutrition, and more particularly protein nutrition based on increased amino acid, leucine or the quality of protein intake has generated positive acute postprandial effect on(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The application of tracer kinetic methods, combined with measurements of the activity of components of the cellular signaling pathways involved in protein synthesis and degradation, affords new insights into the regulation of skeletal muscle protein metabolism in vivo in humans. Feeding is associated with an increase in protein synthesis(More)