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Climate and litter quality are primary drivers of terrestrial decomposition and, based on evidence from multisite experiments at regional and global scales, are universally factored into global decomposition models. In contrast, soil animals are considered key regulators of decomposition at local scales but their role at larger scales is unresolved. Soil(More)
Abstract Acacia holosericea seedlings were planted in 1-l pots filled with a soil collected from an Australian Acacia plantation in Southern Senegal. After 6 months of culture, mycorrhizosphere soil, roots, galls induced by root-knot nematodes and Rhizobium nodules were sampled from each pot. The diversity of this bacterial group was characterized by(More)
We tested termite mound materials belonging to different feeding groups: Cubitermes (soil-feeder), Trinervitermes (grass-feeder) and Macrotermes (litter-feeder), as natural microbial inoculum to promote plant growth and increase nutrient supplies from soil organic matter and inorganic amendments (rock phosphate), through their effects on soil microorganisms(More)
In tropical savannas where soils are generally sandy and nutrient poor, organic farming associated with enhanced soil biological activity may result in increased nutrient availability. Therefore, legumes have been introduced in the humid savanna zone of Côte d’Ivoire, owing to their ability to fix atmospheric N and to continually supply soil with great(More)
Before studying the mechanisms by which changes in vegetation influence the nematode community following abandonment of a field, it is necessary to first assess the impact of environmental factors such as soil or climate on these organisms. The study was undertaken on sites of increasing fallow duration located in the same area in the Sudano-Sahelian zone(More)
In November 2013, symptoms of yellowing on leaves and brown necrotic rot on tuberous roots (Fig. 1) were observed on different cassava landraces (Manihot esculenta) in Dembeni on Mayotte Island, a French Overseas Department in the southwest Indian Ocean. The symptoms, similar to the cassava brown streak disease described in East Africa, suggested the(More)
Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is a drought-tolerant cereal commonly grown for grain and fodder in arid areas throughout the world. Senegalese millet fields are infested with Helicotylenchus. The native evergreen woody shrub Piliostigma reticulatum is widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa. Its coppiced residues are used by small farmers as mulch in(More)
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