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Climate and litter quality are primary drivers of terrestrial decomposition and, based on evidence from multisite experiments at regional and global scales, are universally factored into global decomposition models. In contrast, soil animals are considered key regulators of decomposition at local scales but their role at larger scales is unresolved. Soil(More)
We tested termite mound materials belonging to different feeding groups: Cubitermes (soil-feeder), Trinervitermes (grass-feeder) and Macrotermes (litter-feeder), as natural microbial inoculum to promote plant growth and increase nutrient supplies from soil organic matter and inorganic amendments (rock phosphate), through their effects on soil microorganisms(More)
Abstract Acacia holosericea seedlings were planted in 1-l pots filled with a soil collected from an Australian Acacia plantation in Southern Senegal. After 6 months of culture, mycorrhizosphere soil, roots, galls induced by root-knot nematodes and Rhizobium nodules were sampled from each pot. The diversity of this bacterial group was characterized by(More)
In tropical savannas where soils are generally sandy and nutrient poor, organic farming associated with enhanced soil biological activity may result in increased nutrient availability. Therefore, legumes have been introduced in the humid savanna zone of Côte d’Ivoire, owing to their ability to fix atmospheric N and to continually supply soil with great(More)
The effect of raw materials and their proportions in initial mixtures on organic matter (OM) stabilization and nitrogen (N) availability during pit composting in Sub-Saharan Africa was assessed using biochemical fractionation and laboratory incubations to characterize composts sampled throughout the composting process. Stabilization of OM occurred more(More)
Before studying the mechanisms by which changes in vegetation influence the nematode community following abandonment of a field, it is necessary to first assess the impact of environmental factors such as soil or climate on these organisms. The study was undertaken on sites of increasing fallow duration located in the same area in the Sudano-Sahelian zone(More)
In the context of environmental and socio-economic changes, the agriculture of Sub-Saharan African countries will have to ensure food security of the population, while reducing its environmental footprint. The biophysical and social systems of agricultural production are complex. Innovative agricultural practices will be based on an intensification of(More)
In November 2013, symptoms of yellowing on leaves and brown necrotic rot on tuberous roots (Fig. 1) were observed on different cassava landraces (Manihot esculenta) in Dembeni on Mayotte Island, a French Overseas Department in the southwest Indian Ocean. The symptoms, similar to the cassava brown streak disease described in East Africa, suggested the(More)
408 stool samples from 354 hospitalized patients with diarrhea were evaluated for the presence of Clostridium difficile. C. difficile was detected in stools of 42 patients (12%), 19 of them being hospitalized in neurosurgery units. The strains were cytotoxigenic in 31 cases and non cototoxigenic in 11 cases. The diagnosis of C. difficile induced diarrhea(More)
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