Dominique Martinez

Learn More
Event-driven strategies have been used to simulate spiking neural networks exactly. Previous work is limited to linear integrate-and-fire neurons. In this note, we extend event-driven schemes to a class of nonlinear integrate-and-fire models. Results are presented for the quadratic integrate-and-fire model with instantaneous or exponential synaptic(More)
We derive a new method for solving nonlinear blind source separation (BSS) problems by exploiting second-order statistics in a kernel induced feature space. This paper extends a new and efficient closed-form linear algorithm to the nonlinear domain using the kernel trick originally applied in support vector machines (SVMs). This technique could likewise be(More)
A bagging ensemble consists of a set of classifiers trained independently and combined by a majority vote. Such a combination improves generalization performance but can require large amounts of memory and computation, a serious drawback for addressing portable real-time pattern recognition applications. We report here a compact three-dimensional (3D)(More)
In the insect olfactory system, odor-evoked transient synchronization of antennal lobe (AL) projection neurons (PNs) is phase-locked to the oscillations of the local field potential. Sensory information is contained in the spatiotemporal synchronization pattern formed by the identities of the phase-locked PNs. This article investigates the role of feedback(More)
We propose an event-driven framework dedicated to the design and the simulation of networks of spiking neurons. It consists of an abstract model of spiking neurons and an efficient event-driven simulation engine so as to achieve good performance in the simulation phase while maintaining a high level of flexibility and programmability in the modelling phase.(More)
Two basic tasks must be performed by an olfactory robot tracking a specific odor source : navigate in a turbulent odor plume and recognize an odor regardless of its concentration. For these two tasks, we propose simple biologically inspired strategies, well suited for building dedicated circuits and for on-board implementation on real robots. The odor(More)
SUMMARY This paper presents a neuromorphic robot using stereo-olfaction and a sniffing system based on nonselective chemosensors that mimic the animal behavior of tracking a specific odor. In order to be able to go toward an odor source, two tasks must be performed : 1) estimation of the gas-concentration gradient and 2) gas recognition independent of the(More)
Tracking scents and locating odor sources is a major challenge in robotics. The odor plume is not a continuous cloud but consists of intermittent odor patches dispersed by the wind. Far from the source, the probability of encountering one of these patches vanishes. In such dilute conditions, a good strategy is to first 'explore' the environment and gather(More)