Dominique Martinez

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We propose an event-driven framework dedicated to the design and the simulation of networks of spiking neurons. It consists of an abstract model of spiking neurons and an efficient event-driven simulation engine so as to achieve good performance in the simulation phase while maintaining a high level of flexibility and programmability in the modelling phase.(More)
Understanding the basis of protective immunity to Cowdria ruminantium will facilitate the development of an effective subunit vaccine against heartwater in ruminants and contribute to a better definition of protective immune mechanisms to obligate intracellular pathogens in general. Until recently, immunological studies of heartwater in ruminants(More)
In Slow Feature Analysis (SFA [1]), it has been demonstrated that high-order invariant properties can be extracted by projecting inputs into a nonlinear space and computing the slowest changing features in this space; this has been proposed as a simple general model for learning nonlinear invariances in the visual system. However, this method is highly(More)
Sensory systems, both in the living and in machines, have to be optimized with respect to their environmental conditions. The pheromone subsystem of the olfactory system of moths is a particularly well-defined example in which rapid variations of odor content in turbulent plumes require fast, concentration-invariant neural representations. It is not clear(More)
In Madagascar, Newcastle disease (ND) has become enzootic after the first documented epizootics in 1946, with recurrent annual outbreaks causing mortality up to 40%. Four ND viruses recently isolated in Madagascar were genotypically and pathotypically characterised. By phylogenetic inference based on the F and HN genes, and also full-genome sequence(More)
Ehrlichia ruminantium is the causative agent of heartwater, a major tick-borne disease of livestock in Africa that has been introduced in the Caribbean and is threatening to emerge and spread on the American mainland. We sequenced the complete genomes of two strains of E. ruminantium of differing phenotypes, strains Gardel (Erga; 1,499,920 bp), from the(More)
A bagging ensemble consists of a set of classifiers trained independently and combined by a majority vote. Such a combination improves generalization performance but can require large amounts of memory and computation, a serious drawback for addressing portable real-time pattern recognition applications. We report here a compact three-dimensional (3D)(More)
Serological tests for Cowdria ruminantium infection have been hampered by low specificity. Here, an indirect ELISA based on purified antigen, a competitive ELISA using a recombinant major antigenic protein (MAP-1) and an indirect ELISA based on the MAP-1B region of the recombinant MAP-1 were compared. The tests were validated using 3000 sera of ruminants(More)
The major antigenic protein 1 (MAP1) of the tick-borne rickettsial pathogen Cowdria ruminantium is encoded by a multigene family containing conserved and variable genes. The part of a locus containing the map1 multigene family that was characterized contained three homologous, but non-identical map1 genes, designated map1-2, map1-1, and map1. Reverse(More)
Cross-immunization experiments have revealed a significant antigenic diversity of the isolate of Cowdria ruminantium which needs to be characterized for the development of vaccines. We identified polymorphic immunodominant antigens by ELISA and immunoblot. Using serum from a goat immune to the Gardel stock of Cowdria (isolated in Guadeloupe) adsorbed on(More)