Dominique Marchant

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate whether hypoxia and/or erythropoietin would be able to modulate proliferation/differentiation processes of rat and human myoblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rat L6 and primary human myoblasts were grown in 21% or 1% O(2) in the presence or absence of recombinant human erythropoietin (RhEpo). Presence of(More)
Erythropoietin (Epo) and vascular growth factor (VEGF) are known to be involved in the regulation of cellular activity when oxygen transport is reduced as in anaemia or hypoxic conditions. Because it has been suggested that Epo could play a role in skeletal muscle development, regeneration, and angiogenesis, we aimed to assess Epo deficiency in both(More)
AIM This work aims to study the regulation of the glutathione peroxidase and catalase activities in myoblasts from the L6 line exposed to 21%, 5% and 1% O2 during the cell differentiation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rat L6 myoblasts were grown in 1%, 5% or 21% O2 in the presence or absence of N-acetyl cysteine. The cell proliferation was evaluated by(More)
Erythropoietin (Epo)-induced polycythemia is the main factor of adaptation to hypoxia. In this study, we analysed the effects of Epo deficiency on intrinsic functional properties of slow and fast twitch muscles in a model of erythropoietin deficient mice (Epo-TAgh) exposed to hypoxia. We hypothesised that Epo deficiency would be deleterious for skeletal(More)
Despite its well-known role in red blood cell production, it is now accepted that erythropoietin (Epo) has other physiological functions. Epo and its receptors are expressed in many tissues, such as the brain and heart. The presence of Epo/Epo receptors in these organs suggests other roles than those usually assigned to this protein. Thus, the aim of this(More)
The N-Methyl-d-Aspartate (NMDA) receptors - neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) pathway is involved in the ventilatory response to hypoxia. The objective was to assess the possible effect of erythropoietin deficiency and chronic exposure to hypoxia on this pathway during ventilatory response to acute hypoxia. Wild-type (WT) and erythropoietin-deficient(More)
The present study compared the hemorheological properties between Epo-TAgh mice (a model of erythropoietin deficient mice) and wild-type (WT) control mice. Blood viscosity was determined at several shear rates using a cone-plate viscometer at native and adjusted hematocrit (i.e. 40%). Red blood cell (RBC) deformability was measured by ecktacytometry at(More)
We assessed ventilatory patterns and ventilatory responses to hypoxia (HVR) in high-altitude (HA) plateau pikas, repetitively exposed to hypoxic burrows, and control rats. We evaluated the role of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and dopamine by using S-methyl-l-thiocitrulline (SMTC) inhibitor and haloperidol antagonist, respectively. Ventilation (Vi)(More)
We tested the effect of acetazolamide on blood mechanical properties and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) during chronic hypoxia. Six groups of rats were either treated or not treated with acetazolamide (curative: treated after 10 days of hypoxic exposure; preventive: treated before hypoxic exposure with 40 mg · kg(-1) · day(-1)) and either exposed or(More)
Anemia and hypoxia in rats result in an increase in factors potentially involved in cerebral angiogenesis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of chronic anemia and/or chronic hypoxia on cerebral cellular responses and angiogenesis in wild-type and anemic transgenic mice. These studies were done in erythropoietin-deficient mice(More)