Dominique Louvel

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The usefulness and accuracy rate of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis (CP) were prospectively evaluated in 81 patients with suspected pancreatic disease. All underwent EUS, abdominal ultrasonography (AUS), and computed tomography (CT), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was performed in 55 of(More)
Atypical Toxoplasma gondii strains, unrelated to archetypal clonal lineages (I, II, III), have been reported more frequently over the last decade in areas other than Europe and North America. A newly described form of toxoplasmosis, 'Amazonian toxoplasmosis' (AT), has been reported since 2002 in French Guiana. It is characterized by severe cases and(More)
The most common presentation of symptomatic postnatally acquired toxoplasmosis in immunocompetent patients is painless cervical adenopathy. Acute visceral manifestations are associated in rare cases. We report 16 cases of severe primary toxoplasmosis diagnosed in French Guiana during a 6.5-year period. All of the subjects were immunocompetent adults(More)
BACKGROUND Visceral hypersensitivity plays a major role in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome, as shown by balloon distension studies. 5-HT3 receptors on afferent nerves may modulate visceral sensitivity and be the target of new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome. AIM To evaluate the effects of alosetron, a potent and selective 5-HT3(More)
AIM The effects of oxytocin on colonic perception of intraluminal distension were evaluated in 26 patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), using a flaccid bag placed in the descending colon and connected to a computerised barostat. METHOD Symptomatic responses (first sensation and pain) were evaluated during isobaric distensions (4 mm Hg increments,(More)
We aimed to identify prognostic factors for AIDS-associated disseminated histoplasmosis. In a multivariate analysis, we found that dyspnea, a platelet count of <100,000 platelets/mm3, and lactate dehydrogenase levels of >2 times the upper limit of the normal range were significantly independently associated with the death of the patient during the first 30(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Visceral hypersensitivity plays a major role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel syndrome (IBS). Opioid kappa receptors on afferent nerves may modulate it and may be the target of new IBS treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of fedotozine, a potent and selective kappa agonist, on responses to colonic(More)
High fat intake is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer. Lipids may act either directly or in cooperation with growth-promoting polypeptides. In this study, the role of serum lipids, and mainly the often expressed intracellular basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) isoforms in cancer cells, was analyzed in pancreatic tumor cell proliferation. Serum lipids(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF or FGF-2) is present in the basal membrane of pancreatic cells during the pancreatic embryonic development. The expression of bFGF receptors has been described in normal pancreatic cells. By contrast, pancreatic cancer cells express not only the bFGF receptors but also the bFGF itself. With the aim of understanding the(More)