Dominique Lecestre

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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gene transcription is characterized by two temporally distinct phases. While the initial phase relies solely on cellular transcription factors, the subsequent phase is activated by the viral Tat transactivator. We have previously reported that the subsequent phase of viral gene transcription can be repressed by(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infects the central nervous system (CNS) and plays a direct role in the pathogenesis of AIDS dementia. However, mechanisms underlying HIV-1 gene expression in the CNS are poorly understood. The importance of CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins (C/EBP) for HIV-1 expression in cells of the immune system has been(More)
The fetoacinar pancreatic protein (FAP), characterized by the mAb J28, is an oncofetal form of bile salt dependent lipase (BSDL), the expression of which is related to pancreatic differentiation and neoplastic processes. Because the J28 epitope, recognized by mAb J28, is suggested to be dependent upon carbohydrates, we have attempted to gain information(More)
A method has been developed for the simultaneous in vivo measurement of local rates for methionine incorporation into cerebral protein in the rat. It is based on the use of L-[35S]methionine as a tracer for reflecting the bidirectional exchange of methionine between plasma and brain and its incorporation into cerebral protein, using a dynamic(More)
Recent studies have reported that lymphocytes produce, transport and bind dopamine present in plasma. However, the action of dopamine on HIV-1 gene expression in cells of the immune system has not yet been examined. Here, we have investigated the regulation of HIV-1 expression by dopamine in Jurkat T cells and in primary blood mononuclear cells (PBMC).(More)
Pure human pancreatic bile-salt-dependent lipase, devoid of its oncofetal glycoform [Mas, E., Abouakil, N., Roudani, S., Miralles, F., Guy-Crotte., O., Figarella, C., Escribano, M. J. & Lombardo, D. (1993) Biochem. J. 289, 609-615], was analyzed on immobilized concanavalin A (ConA). Two variants were separated: an unabsorbed ConA-unreactive fraction; and an(More)
The Tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) plays a key role as inducer of viral gene expression. We report that Tat function can be potently inhibited in human microglial cells by the recently described nuclear receptor cofactor chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor-interacting protein 2 (CTIP2). Overexpression of(More)
The characteristics of benzodiazepine binding sites (affinity, number heterogeneity) were studied on frozen sections of hippocampus of 7 suicides and 5 controls subjects, using biochemical and autoradiographic techniques. 3H flunitrazepam was used as ligand, clonazepam and CL 218,872 as displacing agents. Some neurotransmitters or their derivatives (GABA,(More)
Two distinct forms of cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase (CSD), respectively, CSDI and CSDII, have already been separated in rat brain. One of them, CSDII, appeared to be closely associated with glutamate decarboxylase (GAD). We have investigated whether the taurine concentration in brain was dependent on CSDII activity in vivo. CSDI and CSDII activities were(More)
The effects of RU24722 (14,15-dihydro-20,21-dinoreburnamine-14-ol) on tyrosine hydroxylase in central catecholaminergic neurons were studied in rats treated with different quantities of the molecule, and a time course was done for the minimal dose that gave the maximal effect. RU24722 induced increases in tyrosine hydroxylase activities and specific protein(More)
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