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<i>OLAP</i> users heavily rely on visualization of query answers for their interactive analysis of massive amounts of data. Very often, these answers cannot be visualized entirely and the user has to navigate through them to find relevant facts.In this paper, we propose a framework for personalizing <i>OLAP</i> queries. In this framework, the user is asked(More)
Views over databases have regained attention in the context of data warehouses, which are seen as materialized views. In this setting, efficient view maintenance is an important issue, for which the notion of self-maintainability has been identified as desirable. In this paper, we extend the concept of self-maintainability to (query and update) independence(More)
QRISTAL [8] is a question answering system making intensive use of natural language processing both for indexing documents and extracting answers. It recently ranked first in the EQueR evaluation campaign (Evalda, Technolangue [3]). This article proposes a functional description of the system. Then, it presents our results for the CLEF 2005 campaign and a(More)
Ciguatoxins, potent marine neurotoxins responsible for ciguatera, exert their numerous damaging effects through primary binding to the voltage-sensitive sodium channels of excitable cells. Using RAW 264.7 murine macrophages, we report the first experimental study presenting evidence that P-CTX-1B (the most potent congener from the Pacific) could modulate(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Senescent leaves of Heliotropium foertherianum Diane & Hilger (Boraginaceae) are traditionally used in the Pacific region to treat Ciguatera Fish Poisoning. This plant contains rosmarinic acid that is known for its multiple biological activities. In the present study, H. foertherianum aqueous extract, rosmarinic acid and its(More)
Marine pelagic diazotrophic cyanobacteria of the genus Trichodesmium (Oscillatoriales) are widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics, and are particularly common in the waters of New Caledonia. Blooms of Trichodesmium are suspected to be a potential source of toxins in the ciguatera food chain and were previously reported to contain several types of(More)
Distributed multimedia applications have emerged at an increasing rate during the last decade in several domains (video conferencing, e-health, virtual meeting rooms, etc). This has created several new challenging problems related to the data integration and fragmentation, user-oriented and adaptive interfaces, real time and network performances, etc. In(More)
Toxic cyanobacterial blooms have been a primary concern predominantly in the plankton of freshwater bodies. Recently, however, the toxicity of benthic cyanobacteria is increasingly attracting attention of the scientific community and environmental agencies. The occurrence of toxic strains in benthic cyanobacteria is intimately linked to our understanding of(More)
We report the first identification of homoanatoxin-a from benthic marine cyanobacteria (Hydrocoleum lyngbyaceum) samples collected in Lifou (Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia), where cases of giant clams (Tridacna maxima) intoxications were recorded during a severe ciguatera fish poisoning outbreak. Homoanatoxin-a was also detected in extracts of giant clams(More)