Dominique Lamarque

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Celiac disease (CD) is an enteropathy resulting from an abnormal immune response to gluten-derived peptides in genetically susceptible individuals. This immune response is initiated by intestinal transport of intact peptide 31-49 (p31-49) and 33-mer gliadin peptides through an unknown mechanism. We show that the transferrin receptor CD71 is responsible for(More)
The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulcers, in particular duodenal ulcers, is decreasing following decreasing prevalence of H. pylori infection, while the frequency of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-induced and H. pylori-negative idiopathic ulcers is increasing. The incidence of bleeding ulcers has been stable during the(More)
Wnt/beta-catenin signalling plays a key role in the homeostasis of the intestinal epithelium. Whereas its role in the maintenance of the stem cell compartment has been clearly demonstrated, its role in the Paneth cell fate remains unclear. We performed genetic studies to elucidate the functions of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in Paneth cell differentiation.(More)
Rapid identification of patients infected with clarithromycin-resistant Helicobacter pylori without the need for culture can help to avoid useless prescriptions of clarithromycin. We developed and tested a routine real-time quantitative PCR assay dedicated to that purpose. One hundred ninety-six consecutive gastric biopsy specimens were examined by culture,(More)
OBJECTIVES To produce valid information, an evaluation of professional practices has to assess the quality of all practices before, during and after the procedure under study. Several auditing techniques have been proposed for colonoscopy. The purpose of this work is to describe a straightforward original validated method for the prospective evaluation of(More)
elicobacter pylori infection is associated with several gastro-duodenal inflammatory diseases of various levels of severity. To determine whether certain combinations of genetic markers can be used to predict the clinical source of the infection, we analyzed well documented and geographically homogenous clinical isolates using a comparative genomics(More)
We analyzed the expression profiles of intestinal adenomas from a new murine familial adenomatous polyposis model (Apc(delta14/+)) using suppression subtractive hybridization to identify novel diagnostic markers of colorectal carcinogenesis. We identified 18 candidate genes having increased expression levels in the adenoma. Subsequent Northern blotting,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is attracting considerable interest because it mediates many functions. This gas is ubiquitously produced in the body by three enzymes, called NO synthases. Two NO synthases are constitutively expressed, one in the nervous system and the other in the blood vessels, where it regulates tissue perfusion. The third NO synthase can be induced(More)
The actions of a purified Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide (3 mg x kg(-1), i.v.) on rat gastric antral and duodenal microvascular integrity (determined as radiolabelled albumin leakage) and the expression of the inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS; assessed by the citrulline assay) were investigated 4 h after challenge. Significant increases of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Osteoporosis is common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Corticosteroids induce a rapid and important bone loss. Clinical trials have shown oral bisphosphonates to effectively prevent steroid-induced bone loss. However, patients with IBD have been excluded from most of these studies because of potential digestive adverse(More)