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We previously identified novel human ets-1 transcripts in which the normal order of exons is inverted, and demonstrated that although the order of exons is different than in the genomic DNA, splicing of these exons out of order occurs in pairs using genuine splice sites (1). Here we determine the structure of these novel transcripts, showing that they(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) cells inhibit certain T-cell functions. We examined the expression of B7-H1 (PD-L1), a B7-related protein that inhibits T-cell responses, in CD138-purified plasma cells isolated from MM patients, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance patients, and healthy donors. We observed that B7-H1 was expressed in most MM plasma(More)
Tumor dormancy is a phenomenon where small numbers of tumor cells persist in the host for months or years. We previously showed in the DA1-3b/C3H mouse model of acute myeloid leukemia that dormant tumor cells resist cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated killing because they overexpress B7-H1. Here, we vaccinated mice with DA1-3b cells transduced with(More)
The malignant phenotype of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is due to the abnormal tyrosine kinase activity of the BCR-ABL oncoprotein, which signals several downstream cell survival pathways, including phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT, signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2. In patients with CML,(More)
Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia who become resistant to the Abl kinase inhibitor imatinib can be treated with dasatinib. This sequential treatment can lead to BCR-ABL mutations conferring broad resistance to kinase inhibitors. To model the evolution of resistance, we exposed the mouse DA1-3b BCR-ABL(+) leukemic cell line to imatinib for several(More)
B7-H1 (PD-L1) is a B7-related protein that inhibits T-cell responses. B7-H1 participates in the immunoescape of cancer cells and is also involved in the long-term persistence of leukemic cells in a mouse model of leukemia. B7-H1 can be constitutively expressed by cancer cells, but is also induced by various stimuli. Therefore, we examined the constitutive(More)
In the BCR/ABL DA1-3b mouse model of acute myelogenous leukemia, dormant tumor cells may persist in the host in a state of equilibrium with the CD8(+) CTL-mediated immune response by actively inhibiting T cells. Dormant tumor cells also show a progressive decrease of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) gene expression and a deregulation of the(More)
Expression of B7 molecules provides co-stimulatory signals to T lymphocytes, which prevent the induction of anergy. It has been previously reported that B7.1 gene transfer in a murine leukaemia model induced a potent antileukaemic immunity and that relative expression of B7.1 and B7.2 in human acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) had prognostic significance. As ex(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells can be differentiated into dendritic cells (DCs) using appropriate combinations of cytokines but generation of autologous antileukemic cytotoxic T cells using leukemic DCs remains difficult. Transduction by adenoviral vectors has been reported to induce efficient maturation of monocyte-derived DCs but AML cells are(More)
The majority of immunotherapy-based gene therapy protocols consist of ex vivo gene transfer in tumor cells. To prevent further in vivo growth, modified cells must be irradiated before reinjection into patients. The present study examines the effects of gamma-irradiation on transgene expression in transduced leukemic cells. Human and murine leukemic cells(More)