Dominique Fourmy

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Aminoglycoside antibiotics that bind to 30S ribosomal A-site RNA cause misreading of the genetic code and inhibit translocation. The aminoglycoside antibiotic paromomycin binds specifically to an RNA oligonucleotide that contains the 30S subunit A site, and the solution structure of the RNA-paromomycin complex was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics that bind to ribosomal RNA in the aminoacyl-tRNA site (A-site) cause misreading of the genetic code and inhibit translocation. We have recently solved the structure of an A-site RNA-paromomycin complex. The structure suggested that rings I and II, common to all aminoglycosides that bind to the A-site, are the minimum motif for(More)
Rnt1p, the yeast orthologue of RNase III, cleaves rRNAs, snRNAs and snoRNAs at a stem capped with conserved AGNN tetraloop. Here we show that 9 bp long stems ending with AGAA or AGUC tetraloops bind to Rnt1p and direct specific but sequence-independent RNA cleavage when provided with stems longer than 13 bp. The solution structures of these two tetraloops(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics that bind to the ribosomal A site cause misreading of the genetic code and inhibit translocation. The clinically important aminoglycoside, gentamicin C, is a mixture of three components. Binding of each gentamicin component to the ribosome and to a model RNA oligonucleotide was studied biochemically and the structure of the RNA(More)
Translational fidelity is established by ribosomal recognition of the codon-anticodon interaction within the aminoacyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) site (A site) of the ribosome. Experiments are presented that reveal possible contacts between 16S ribosomal RNA and the codon-anticodon complex. N1 methylation of adenine at position 1492 (A1492) and A1493 interfered(More)
Using mechanical unfolding by optical tweezers (OT) and steered molecular dynamics (SMD) simulations, we have demonstrated the critical role of Mg(2+) ions for the resistance of the Beet Western Yellow Virus (BWYV) pseudoknot (PK) to unfolding. The two techniques were found to be complementary, providing information at different levels of molecular scale.(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics that bind to ribosomal RNA in the aminoacyl-tRNA site (A-site) cause misreading of the genetic code and inhibit translocation. An A-site RNA oligonucleotide specifically binds to aminoglycoside antibiotics and the structure of the RNA-paromomycin complex was previously determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.(More)
As more RNA molecules with important cellular functions are discovered, there is a strong need to characterize their structures, functions, and interactions. Chemical and enzymatic footprinting methods are used to map RNA secondary and tertiary structure, to monitor ligand interactions and conformational changes, and in the study of protein-RNA(More)
Many viruses regulate translation of polycistronic mRNA using a -1 ribosomal frameshift induced by an RNA pseudoknot. When the ribosome encounters the pseudoknot barrier that resists unraveling, transient mRNA-tRNA dissociation at the decoding site, results in a shift of the reading frame. The eukaryotic frameshifting pseudoknot from the beet western yellow(More)
RNase III enzymes are a highly conserved family of proteins that specifically cleave double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). These proteins are involved in a variety of cellular functions, including the processing of many non-coding RNAs, mRNA decay, and RNA interference. In yeast Rnt1p, a dsRNA-binding domain (dsRBD) recognizes its substrate by interacting with stems(More)