Dominique Fletcher

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BACKGROUND Remifentanil-induced secondary hyperalgesia has been documented experimentally in both animals and healthy human volunteers, but never clinically. This study tested the hypotheses that increased pain sensitivity assessed by periincisional allodynia and hyperalgesia can occur after relatively large-dose intraoperative remifentanil and that(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid development of acute opioid tolerance is well established in animals and is more likely to occur with large doses of short-acting drugs. The authors therefore tested the hypothesis that intraoperative remifentanil administration results in acute opioid tolerance that is manifested by increased postoperative pain and opioid requirement. (More)
Ketamine may prevent postoperative hyperalgesia. In patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscectomy using general anesthesia, we tested whether a single intraoperative dose of ketamine enhanced postoperative analgesia and improved functional outcome compared with a typical multimodal analgesic regimen. After the induction of anesthesia, 50 patients were(More)
Continuous positive airway pressure in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema is rarely used by prehospital emergency care units, because of the particular technical drawbacks of existing equipment. The aim of this one year prospective descriptive open study without a control group was to assess the technical feasibility of using the Boussignac continuous(More)
We carried out a national survey on postoperative pain (POP) management in a representative sample (public/private, teaching/non-teaching, size) of 76 surgical centers in France. Based on medical records and questionnaires, we evaluated adult patients 24h after surgery, concerning information: pre and postoperative pain, evaluation, treatment and side(More)
UNLABELLED In order to examine whether changes in the bispectral index (BIS) may be an adequate monitor for the analgesic component of anesthesia, we evaluated the effect of remifentanil on the BIS change and hemodynamic responses to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. Fifty ASA physical status I patients were randomly assigned, in a double-blinded(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative sensory testing (QST) allows precise characterization of sensory deficits and painful symptoms and may offer additional information on the pathophysiology of postoperative pain. METHODS We evaluated 20 patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty clinically and with QST before surgery, at 1 and 4 days after surgery, and at 1 and(More)
BACKGROUND The analgesic effect of perioperative low doses of intravenous lidocaine has been demonstrated after abdominal surgery. This study aimed to evaluate whether a continuous intravenous low-dose lidocaine infusion reduced postoperative pain and modified nociceptive pain threshold after total hip arthroplasty. METHODS Sixty patients participated in(More)
BACKGROUND Balanced postoperative analgesia combines non-narcotic drugs and opioids. We organized a large study to evaluate nefopam analgesia and tolerance in combination with morphine for patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) after orthopaedic surgery. METHODS Two hundred and one patients scheduled to undergo hip arthroplasty were included in this(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is an important clinical problem. Prospective studies of the incidence, characteristics and risk factors of CPSP are needed. OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of CPSP. DESIGN A multicentre, prospective, observational trial. SETTING Twenty-one hospitals in 11(More)