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PURPOSE A difficulty in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancers is the diagnosis of flat and small lesions during white light cystoscopy. We assessed a prototype that measures ultraviolet laser induced autofluorescence for endoscopic detection of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We compared spectroscopic results with histological… (More)
PURPOSE To assess the ability of argon laser-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy (LIAFS) to discriminate normal from tumor human urothelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Emission spectra of single living cells excited at 488 nm. have been studied with confocal microspectrofluorimeter. RESULTS Cellular autofluorescence appeared as a broad band with a… (More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in model systems is known to be conferred by two different integral proteins, the 170-kDa P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and the 190-kDa multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1). One possible pharmacological approach to overcome drug resistance is the use of specific inhibitors, which enhance the cytotoxicity of known antineoplastic… (More)
Routine clinical detection of precancerous lesions by laser-inducedautofluorescence was recently demonstrated in several medicalfields. This technique is based on the analysis of complex spectrawith overlapping broad structures. However, in biological tissues, scattering and absorption are wavelength dependent, and the observedfluorescence signals are… (More)
We assessed the ability of laser-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy to distinguish neoplastic urothelial bladder lesions from normal or nonspecific inflammatory mucosa. Three different pulsed laser excitation wavelengths were used successively: 308 nm (xenium chloride excimer laser), 337 nm (nitrogen laser) and 480 nm (coumarin dye laser). The excitation… (More)
PURPOSE We assessed the ability of laser induced autofluorescence spectroscopy to distinguish neoplastic urothelial bladder lesions from normal or nonspecific inflammatory mucosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three different pulsed laser excitation wavelengths were used successively: 308 nm. (xenium chloride excimer laser), 337 nm. (nitrogen laser) and 480 nm.… (More)
We evaluate the ultimate transverse spatial resolution that can be expected in Diffuse Optical Tomography, in the configuration of projection imaging. We show how such a performance can be approached using time-resolved measurements and reasonable assumptions, in the context of a linearized diffusion model.
We report what is to our knowledge the first observation of a time-resolved diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS) signal recorded by transillumination through a thick turbid medium: the DWS signal is measured for a fixed photon transit time, which opens the possibility of improving the spatial resolution. This technique could find biomedical applications,… (More)
We presented theoretical and experimental demonstrations of the possibilities of performing time-resolved diffusing wave spectroscopy: We successfully registered field fluctuations for selected photon path lengths that can surpass 300 transport mean free paths. Such performance opens new possibilities for biomedical optics applications.