Dominique Ettori

Learn More
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in model systems is known to be conferred by two different integral proteins, the 170-kDa P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and the 190-kDa multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1). One possible pharmacological approach to overcome drug resistance is the use of specific inhibitors, which enhance the cytotoxicity of known antineoplastic(More)
The main challenge of noninvasive optical biopsy is to obtain an accurate value of the optical coefficients of an encapsulated organ (muscle, brain, etc.). The idea developed by us is that some interesting information could be deduced from the long-time behavior of the reflectance function. This asymptotic behavior is analyzed for layered media in the(More)
We present time-resolved measurements by speckle interferometry of the light scattered by a liquid medium. Measurements were performed by use of reflectance geometry and are compared with results obtained in the same conditions with a femtosecond laser and a streak camera. The setup was also tested in vivo on the forearm of a human volunteer to demonstrate(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the ability of laser induced autofluorescence spectroscopy to distinguish neoplastic urothelial bladder lesions from normal or nonspecific inflammatory mucosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three different pulsed laser excitation wavelengths were used successively: 308 nm. (xenium chloride excimer laser), 337 nm. (nitrogen laser) and 480 nm.(More)
We assessed the ability of laser-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy to distinguish neoplastic urothelial bladder lesions from normal or nonspecific inflammatory mucosa. Three different pulsed laser excitation wavelengths were used successively: 308 nm (xenium chloride excimer laser), 337 nm (nitrogen laser) and 480 nm (coumarin dye laser). The excitation(More)
PURPOSE A difficulty in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancers is the diagnosis of flat and small lesions during white light cystoscopy. We assessed a prototype that measures ultraviolet laser induced autofluorescence for endoscopic detection of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We compared spectroscopic results with histological(More)
PURPOSE To assess the ability of argon laser-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy (LIAFS) to discriminate normal from tumor human urothelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Emission spectra of single living cells excited at 488 nm. have been studied with confocal microspectrofluorimeter. RESULTS Cellular autofluorescence appeared as a broad band with a(More)
Routine clinical detection of precancerous lesions by laser-inducedautofluorescence was recently demonstrated in several medicalfields. This technique is based on the analysis of complex spectrawith overlapping broad structures. However, in biological tissues, scattering and absorption are wavelength dependent, and the observedfluorescence signals are(More)
We report what is to our knowledge the first observation of a time-resolved diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS) signal recorded by transillumination through a thick turbid medium: the DWS signal is measured for a fixed photon transit time, which opens the possibility of improving the spatial resolution. This technique could find biomedical applications,(More)