Dominique Endres

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Immunological mechanisms and therapy approaches in psychotic syndromes were recently supported by the discovery of autoantibody-associated limbic and non-limbic encephalitis. However, how clinical diagnostic procedures in psychiatry should be adapted to these new insights is still unclear. In this study, we analyzed the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis was first described in 2005 in association with ovarian teratoma. The diagnostic workup of this common autoimmune encephalitis includes cerebrospinal fluid analysis, electroencephalography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). In(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune and inflammatory mechanisms in psychotic disorders have attracted increasing scientific attention in recent years. In this regard, we performed routine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) basic diagnostics and CSF/serum analyses for antibodies directed against neuronal intracellular and surface antigens in psychotic patients. In this context,(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder. In an attempt to extend earlier neurochemical findings, we organized a magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) study as part of a large, government-funded, prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of specific psychotherapy with(More)
Primary insomnia is a prevalent sleep disorder affecting approximately 3% of the general population. Studies suggest that personality traits such as perfectionism and neuroticism might be implicated in the aetiology of the disorder. However, to date, no study has investigated behavioural indicators of these factors in a hypothesis-driven manner. In the(More)
OBJECTIVE Pathological findings in electroencephalography (EEG) are discussed as a possible marker of organic mental disorders and a therapeutic response to anticonvulsive medication under these conditions. METHODS We compared the prevalence of EEG abnormalities in 100 patients with schizophrenia, 100 patients with schizoaffective disorder, 51 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Hashimoto's encephalopathy is a neuropsychiatric disease with symptoms of cognitive impairment, stroke-like episodes, seizures, and psychotic or affective symptoms associated with autoimmune thyroiditis and excellent steroid responsiveness; therefore, it is also called "steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis"(More)
INTRODUCTION Vitamin D has many immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective functions, and previous studies have demonstrated an association between vitamin D deficiency and neuropsychiatric disease. The aim of our study was to analyze the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in a 1-year cohort of adult inpatients with schizophreniform and autism(More)
In neuropsychiatric research, the aspects of sex have received increasing attention over the past decade. With regard to the neurometabolic differences in the prefrontal cortex and the cerebellum of both men and women, we performed a magnetic resonance spectroscopic (MRS) study of a large group of healthy subjects. For neurometabolic measurements, we used(More)
INTRODUCTION An increased prevalence of pathological electroencephalography (EEG) signals has been reported in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). In an elaborative case description of such a patient with intermittent rhythmic delta and theta activity (IRDA/IRTA), the BPD symptoms where linked to the frequency of the IRDAs/IRTAs and(More)