Dominique Decré

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We report the complete nucleotide sequence of the pKpS90 plasmid, carrying the bla(KPC-2) and bla(SHV-12) genes. This plasmid was isolated from a sequence type 258 (ST258) Klebsiella pneumoniae strain responsible for an outbreak in a French university hospital in 2009. pKpS90 is a 53,286-bp plasmid that belongs to the IncX incompatibility group. pKpS90(More)
Multidrug-resistant and highly virulent Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates are emerging, but the clonal groups (CGs) corresponding to these high-risk strains have remained imprecisely defined. We aimed to identify K. pneumoniae CGs on the basis of genome-wide sequence variation and to provide a simple bioinformatics tool to extract virulence and resistance gene(More)
BACKGROUND Extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Enterobacteria (ESBL-PE) emerged at the end of the 1980s, causing nosocomial outbreaks and/or hyperendemic situations in hospitals and long-term care facilities. In recent years, community-acquired infections due to ESBL-PE have spread worldwide, especially across developing countries including Madagascar.(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied eight imipenem-resistant isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae involved in an outbreak in a French teaching hospital. METHODS The eight isolates were recovered from clinical specimens or rectal swabs. Antibiotic susceptibilities were determined using standard agar diffusion and dilution methods including synergy tests. PFGE was used to(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to analyse broad-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Klebsiella oxytoca strains. METHODS The 57 isolates studied were recovered from clinical specimens (n=23) or from rectal swabs (n=34) during a 26-month period. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns were determined using standard agar diffusion and dilution methods including(More)
M et al. Rapid detection of the O25b-ST131 clone of Escherichia coli encompassing the CTX-M-15-producing strains. 2 Clermont O, Lavollay M, Vimont S et al. The CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli diffusing clone belongs to a highly virulent B2 phylogenetic subgroup. 3 Karisik E, Ellington MJ, Livermore DM et al. Virulence factors in Escherichia coli with(More)
We isolated five clinical strains (three Proteus mirabilis and two Klebsiella pneumoniae) with beta-lactam resistance phenotypes consistent with production of an AmpC-type beta-lactamase. The predicted amino acid sequences of the enzymes were typical of class C beta-lactamases. The enzymes were identified as CMY-2, CMY-4 and a new CMY-variant(More)
BACKGROUND Nothing is known about the epidemiology and resistance mechanisms of extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in Burkina Faso. The objective of this study was to determine ESBL-PE prevalence and to characterize ESBL genes in Burkina Faso. METHODS During 2 months (June-July 2014), 1602 clinical samples were sent for(More)
Thus, virus-contaminated materials such as surgical instruments can be decontaminated by heat. We also found that Zika virus infectivity was highest after adjusting the stock to a pH of ≈9 (Figure, panel F). In contrast, adjusting Zika virus to pH 12 or to <pH 4 abrogated infectivity (Figure, panel F). Finally, we analyzed whether gloves routinely used in(More)