Dominique Decré

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Multidrug-resistant and highly virulent Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates are emerging, but the clonal groups (CGs) corresponding to these high-risk strains have remained imprecisely defined. We aimed to identify K. pneumoniae CGs on the basis of genome-wide sequence variation and to provide a simple bioinformatics tool to extract virulence and resistance gene(More)
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLPE) were isolated from clinical specimens from 130 to 140 patients/year in 1989-1991 in our hospital. In February 1992, a control program was initiated: screening tests in 3 intensive care units (ICUs) and contact-isolation precautions in all units. The septic surgical unit served as an(More)
Dissemination of carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae poses a considerable threat to public health. Carbapenemase gene detection by molecular methods is the gold standard but is available in only a few laboratories. The aim of this study was to test phenotypic methods for the detection of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)- or Klebsiella pneumoniae(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied eight imipenem-resistant isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae involved in an outbreak in a French teaching hospital. METHODS The eight isolates were recovered from clinical specimens or rectal swabs. Antibiotic susceptibilities were determined using standard agar diffusion and dilution methods including synergy tests. PFGE was used to(More)
Adam Ben Nasr, Dominique Decré, Fabrice Compain, Nathalie Genel, Farouk Barguellil, Guillaume Arlet Laboratoire de Biologie Médicale, Hôpital Habib Thameur, Tunis, Tunisia; Département de Microbiologie, Faculté de Pharmacie de Monastir, Université de Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia; Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Faculté de Médecine, Département de(More)
Severe infections caused by hypermucoviscous Klebsiella pneumoniae have been reported in Southeast Asian countries over the past several decades. This report shows their emergence in France, with 12 cases observed during a 2-year period in two university hospitals. Two clones (sequence type 86 [ST86] and ST380) of serotype K2 caused five rapidly fatal(More)
Pantoea agglomerans and other Pantoea species cause infections in humans and are also pathogenic to plants, but the diversity of Pantoea strains and their possible association with hosts and disease remain poorly known, and identification of Pantoea species is difficult. We characterized 36 Pantoea strains, including 28 strains of diverse origins initially(More)
In addition to the two large clostridial cytotoxins (TcdA and TcdB), some strains of Clostridium difficile also produce an actin-specific ADP-ribosyltransferase, called binary toxin CDT. We used a PCR method and Southern blotting for the detection of genes encoding the enzymatic (CDTa) and binding (CDTb) components of the binary toxin in 369 strains(More)
To rapidly characterise TEM-derived extended-spectrum beta-lactamases a fast and easy method using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was developed. This method was validated with ten reference TEM-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. The mutations involved in TEM-20 and TEM-21, which were previously reported only with(More)