Dominique Dardevet

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Reviewers The Publications Committee of the American Physiological Society gratefully acknowledges the services of the following reviewers who assisted the Editorial Board in the reviews of manuscripts. I would like to recommend that our library subscribe to the American Journal of Physiology–Cell Physiology. This is a journal published online and in print(More)
Leucine acts as a signal nutrient in promoting protein synthesis in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue via mTOR pathway activation, and may be of interest in age-related sarcopenia. However, hyper-activation of mTOR/S6K1 has been suggested to inhibit the first steps of insulin signaling and finally promote insulin resistance. The impact of long-term dietary(More)
Skeletal muscle loss is observed in several physiopathological situations. Strategies to prevent, slow down, or increase recovery of muscle have already been tested. Besides exercise, nutrition, and more particularly protein nutrition based on increased amino acid, leucine or the quality of protein intake has generated positive acute postprandial effect on(More)
Immobilization produces morphological, physiological, and biochemical alterations in skeletal muscle leading to muscle atrophy and long periods of recovery. Muscle atrophy during disuse results from an imbalance between protein synthesis and proteolysis but also between apoptosis and regeneration processes. This work aimed to characterize the mechanisms(More)
Leucine has a major anabolic impact on muscle protein synthesis in young as in old animals. However, myosin heavy chain (MHC), sarcoplasmic and mitochondrial proteins may differently respond to anabolic factors, especially during aging. To test this hypothesis, fractional synthesis rates (FSR) of the three muscle protein fractions were measured using a(More)
This experiment was undertaken to examine leucine responsiveness of muscle protein synthesis during dexamethasone treatment and the subsequent recovery in young (4-5 weeks), adult (10-11 months) and old rats (21-22 months). Rats received dexamethasone in their drinking water. The dose and length of the treatment was adapted in order to generate the same(More)
BACKGROUND Swallowing is triggered when a food bolus being prepared by mastication has reached a defined state. However, although this view is consensual and well supported, the physical properties of the swallowable bolus have been under-researched. We tested the hypothesis that measuring bolus physical changes during the masticatory sequence to(More)
Prolonged inactivity induces muscle loss due to an activation of proteolysis and decreased protein synthesis; the latter is also involved in the recovery of muscle mass. The aim of the present work was to explore the evolution of muscle mass and protein metabolism during immobilization and recovery and assess the effect of a nutritional strategy for(More)
Insulin resistance in 3-day streptozotocin (STZ)-treated rats was manifested by the lack of antiproteolytic action of insulin as well as by a reduction of its stimulatory effect on protein synthesis (-60% compared with the control group) in epitrochlearis muscle incubated in vitro. In the present study, we have investigated the diabetes-associated(More)
The aim of this study was carried out to analyse the liver and plasma proteins response to dexamethasone in adult (6-8 months) and old (24 months) rats in order to ascertain the involvement of glucocorticoids in the aging process. The animals received dexamethasone (Dex) for 5 or 6 days. As Dex decreased food intake, all groups were pair fed to(More)