Dominique Dardevet

Learn More
The present study was designed to assess the effects of dietary leucine supplementation on muscle protein synthesis and whole body protein kinetics in elderly individuals. Twenty healthy male subjects (70 +/- 1 years) were studied before and after continuous ingestion of a complete balanced diet supplemented or not with leucine. A primed (3.6 micromol(More)
Aging is characterized by a progressive loss of muscle mass. A decrease of muscle protein synthesis stimulation has been detected in the postprandial state and correlated to a decrease of muscle protein synthesis sensitivity to leucine in vitro. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of a leucine-supplemented meal on postprandial (PP) muscle(More)
Aging is characterized by a progressive loss of muscle mass that could be partly explained by a defect in the anabolic effect of food intake. We previously reported that this defect resulted from a decrease in the protein synthesis response to leucine in muscles from old rats. Because aging is associated with changes in oxidative status, we hypothesized(More)
Oxidative stress is currently suggested as a mechanism underlying diabetes. The present study was designed to evaluate the oxidative stress related parameters in streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats using different complementary approaches: susceptibility to in vitro oxidation (lipid peroxidation induction in liver homogenate, red blood cells hemolysis),(More)
Aging is characterized by a decrease of muscle mass associated with a decrease in postprandial anabolism. This study was performed to gain a better understanding of the intracellular mechanisms involved in the stimulation of muscle protein synthesis by amino acids and their role in the decrease of muscle sensitivity to food intake during aging. The effects(More)
Skeletal muscle catabolism is a characteristic metabolic response to sepsis. We investigated the ability of physiological insulin (2 nM) or insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 10 nM) concentrations to modify protein metabolism during incubation of epitrochlearis 2, 6, or 15 days after injection of live Escherichia coli. On days 2 and 6 postinfection,(More)
Ageing is characterized by a decline in muscle mass that could be explained by a defect in the regulation of postprandial muscle protein metabolism. Indeed, the stimulatory effect of food intake on protein synthesis and its inhibitory effect on proteolysis is blunted in old muscles from both animals and humans. Recently, low grade inflammation has been(More)
Skeletal muscle loss is observed in several physiopathological situations. Strategies to prevent, slow down, or increase recovery of muscle have already been tested. Besides exercise, nutrition, and more particularly protein nutrition based on increased amino acid, leucine or the quality of protein intake has generated positive acute postprandial effect on(More)
Leucine acts as a signal nutrient in promoting protein synthesis in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue via mTOR pathway activation, and may be of interest in age-related sarcopenia. However, hyper-activation of mTOR/S6K1 has been suggested to inhibit the first steps of insulin signaling and finally promote insulin resistance. The impact of long-term dietary(More)
One of the most important effects of aging is sarcopenia, which is associated with impaired locomotion and general weakness. In addition, there is increased susceptibility to illness in aging, which often results in muscle wasting episodes. In such instances, the mobilization of muscle proteins provides free amino acids that are used for energetic purpose,(More)