Dominique Clermont

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Cyclophosphamide is one of several clinically important cancer drugs whose therapeutic efficacy is due in part to their ability to stimulate antitumor immune responses. Studying mouse models, we demonstrate that cyclophosphamide alters the composition of microbiota in the small intestine and induces the translocation of selected species of Gram-positive(More)
High quality 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences from the type strains of all species with validly published names, as defined by the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, are a prerequisite for their accurate affiliations within the global genealogical classification and for the recognition of potential new taxa. During the last few years,(More)
A Listeria-like strain isolated in Austria from pre-cut lettuce fitted the description of the genus Listeria although it could not be assigned to any of the known species. Comparison of the rrs gene (encoding 16S rRNA) sequence and gene content by DNA-array indicated affiliation to the genus Listeria. Phylogenetic distance from known species of the genus(More)
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) confer immunity against mobile genetic elements (MGEs) in prokaryotes. Streptococcus agalactiae, a leading cause of neonatal infections contains in its genome two CRISPR/Cas systems. We show that type 1-C CRISPR2 is present in few strains but type 2-A CRISPR1 is ubiquitous. Comparative(More)
Citrobacter sedlakii 2596, a clinical strain resistant to aminopenicillins, carboxypenicillins, and early cephalosporins such as cephalothin, but remaining susceptible to acylureidopenicillins, carbapenems, and later cephalosporins such as cefotaxime, was isolated from the bile of a patient treated with beta-lactam and quinolone antibiotics. The isolate(More)
The gene bla(CKO) encoding the chromosomal class A beta-lactamase of Citrobacter koseri was cloned and sequenced. CKO was found to display only 41% identity with SED-1 from Citrobacter sedlakii and 36% with CdiA from Citrobacter amalonaticus (formerly Citrobacter diversus). No transcriptional regulator was found upstream from bla(CKO). Silent and missense(More)
Bacterial genomics has greatly expanded our understanding of microdiversification patterns within a species, but analyses at higher taxonomical levels are necessary to understand and predict the independent rise of pathogens in a genus. We have sampled, sequenced, and assessed the diversity of genomes of validly named and tentative species of the(More)
Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus, GBS) is a commensal of the digestive and genitourinary tracts of humans that emerged as the leading cause of bacterial neonatal infections in Europe and North America during the 1960s. Due to the lack of epidemiological and genomic data, the reasons for this emergence are unknown. Here we show by comparative(More)
Determinants encoding resistance to antibiotics, except penicillin, of 5 of 21 Streptococcus anginosus clinical isolates that we examined transferred by conjugation into Enterococcus faecalis and into 1 to 5 streptococcal recipients at frequencies of 10(-6) to 10(-8) transconjugants per donor. No R plasmids were detected in any wild-type strain. DNA(More)
Two strains of non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, Gram-positive bacteria, CIP 101303(T) and CIP 102116, were isolated from human blood in 1976 and 1977, respectively. These strains had chemotaxonomic markers that were consistent with classification in the genus Microbacterium, i.e. MK-10, MK-11 and MK-12 as the major menaquinones, predominant iso- and(More)