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 The incidence of airway colonization by Scedosporium apiospermum and of related sensitization was investigated prospectively in 128 patients with cystic fibrosis over a 5-year period, and results were compared with clinical data. Scedosporium apiospermum, recovered from sputum samples in 11 of 128 (8.6%) patients, was the most frequent filamentous fungus(More)
An extracellular proteinase produced by the filamentous fungus Scedosporium apiospermum has been purified and characterized. Initially, in vitro conditions for enzyme synthesis were investigated. The highest yield of enzyme production was obtained when the fungus was cultivated in modified Czapek-Dox liquid medium supplemented with 0.1% bacteriological(More)
The colonization of airways by filamentous fungi and the development of respiratory infections require some predisposing factors as encountered in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Indeed, the defective mucociliary clearance which characterizes the disease is associated with local immunological disorders. In addition, the prolonged therapy with(More)
Several strains of Chrysosporium keratinophilum and Anixiopsis stercoraria agglutinate the red blood cells of different origins (man, sheep, rabbit, mouse). The best agglutination was obtained with rabbit erythrocytes. The inhibition experiments by carbohydrate solutions (oses, osamines and glycoproteins) were performed with 3 haemagglutination units of(More)
Two isolates of Candida glabrata from the same stool sample from a bone marrow transplant recipient treated with fluconazole, and designated 1084-L for large colonies on yeast extract-peptone-dextrose-agar and 1084-S for small colonies, were analysed. In-vitro susceptibility tests with a commercially available disk diffusion procedure showed that isolate(More)
In an attempt to define the molecular basis of the adherence of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia to the host tissues, a step which might be mediated by the recognition of basement membrane laminin or fibrinogen, we analyzed the binding of these glycoproteins by flow cytometry and a microtiter plate adherence assay. Flow cytometry revealed that the binding of(More)
A commercially available disk diffusion procedure was used in a large-scale study to evaluate the susceptibility of a wide range of Candida isolates to polyenes and azoles. With almost all isolates of C. glabrata resistant colonies were present within the inhibition zones for the azole compounds fluconazole, ketoconazole and miconazole, and less frequently(More)
Toxocara canis is a common parasite in puppies. The danger to human health has not been properly established. We estimated the current incidence of this pathogen in two western districts of France, Loire-Atlantique and Maine et Loire. Blood samples from 1836 eosino-philic patients were collected and tested by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)(More)
Tinea imbricata, also known as 'Tokelau', is an uncommon superficial mycosis caused by the anthropophilic dermatophyte Trichophyton concentricum. Cutaneous lesions appear characteristically as scaly and concentric rings that may cover all parts of the body. Often acquired in childhood, tinea imbricata is a chronic disease and lichenification is extremely(More)