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We designed a protocol distinguishing between automatic and intentional motor reactions to changes in target location triggered at movement onset. In response to target jumps, but not to a similar change cued by a color switch, normal subjects often could not avoid automatically correcting fast aiming movements. This suggests that an 'automatic pilot'(More)
A large proportion of right-hemisphere stroke patients show hemispatial neglect-a neurological deficit of perception, attention, representation, and/or performing actions within their left-sided space, inducing many functional debilitating effects on everyday life, and responsible for poor functional recovery and ability to benefit from treatment. The(More)
Optic ataxia is a disorder associated with posterior parietal lobe lesions, in which visually guided reaching errors typically occur for peripheral targets. It has been assumed that these errors are related to a faulty sensorimotor transformation of inputs from the 'ataxic visual field'. However, we show here that the errors observed in the contralesional(More)
If the visual world is artificially shifted by only 10 degrees, people initially experience difficulty in directing their actions toward visual goals, but then rapidly compensate the visual distortion. The consequence of such adaptation can be measured as visual and proprioceptive aftereffects, as well as by performance on pointing tasks without visual(More)
Optic ataxia is considered to be a specific visuo-manual guidance deficit, which combines pointing errors due to the use of the contralesional hand ("hand effect") and to the presentation of the visual target in the contralesional field ("field effect"). The nature of the hand effect has not been identified. The field effect is acknowledged as an impaired(More)
We present the case of a patient with a lesion of the thalamus who was completely anaesthetized on his right side. He was unable to detect and describe a tactile stimulus applied to his affected right arm, but could direct his normal left hand toward the specific right hand site where the stimulus had been applied when so instructed ('blind touch').(More)
In this experiment, we evaluated over a longer time period the previously demonstrated effects of a short prism adaptation on hemispatial neglect. We followed two patients (PE and SA), during a period of 5 days (1 day before and 4 days after the prism adaptation procedure), repeatedly measuring their performances on a straight-ahead pointing task and a line(More)
The visually guided reaching of two patients with bilateral optic ataxia was explored in two experiments. In Experiment 1 simple delayed pointing was compared with immediate pointing. In the immediate pointing task both variable and constant errors increased with target eccentricity. In contrast to the performance of control subjects and contrary to their(More)
Rightward deviation on line bisection is considered one of the most classic clinical signs of unilateral visual neglect--a cognitive disorder of spatial processing that commonly follows right brain damage. Recently, short-term adaptation to wedge prisms has been shown to significantly reduce neglect on this and other conventional diagnostic tasks. Our(More)
Prism adaptation does not only induce short-term sensorimotor plasticity, but also longer-term reorganization in the neural representation of space. We used event-related fMRI to study dynamic changes in brain activity during both early and prolonged exposure to visual prisms. Participants performed a pointing task before, during, and after prism exposure.(More)