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NH(4)(+) transport by the distal nephron and NH(4)(+) detoxification by the liver are critical for achieving regulation of acid-base balance and to avoid hyperammonemic hepatic encephalopathy, respectively. Therefore, it has been proposed that rhesus type B glycoprotein (Rhbg), a member of the Mep/Amt/Rh NH(3) channel superfamily, may be involved in some(More)
A 37-kDa protein was immunopurified from human erythrocytes as a complex with a monoclonal antibody directed against the Kell blood group protein of 93 kDa. A rabbit antibody raised against the purified complex reacted on a Western blot with the 93-kDa and 37-kDa proteins and was able to immunoprecipitate the 37-kDa component from K0 erythrocytes which(More)
AIM To study the onset and duration of a possible effect of a fermented oatmeal drink containing Lactobacillus plantarum 299v on the composition of the faecal flora of healthy volunteers in a placebo-controlled, double-blind study. METHODS Twenty-two participants consumed a fermented oatmeal drink with or without L. plantarum 299v for 4 weeks. Faecal(More)
CR1 (CD35, the C3b/C4b receptor) is a widely distributed membrane glycoprotein with a unique cluster conformation on the surface of erythrocytes (E). CR1 on E is responsible for the transport of immune complexes (IC) to liver and spleen. As a cofactor of the C3b cleavage by factor I, CR1 is also a potent inhibitor of C activation and inflammation. In some(More)
Two nonerythroid homologs of the blood group Rh proteins, RhCG and RhBG, which share homologies with specific ammonia transporters in primitive organisms and plants, could represent members of a new family of proteins involved in ammonia transport in the mammalian kidney. Consistent with this hypothesis, the expression of RhCG was recently reported at the(More)
To clarify the potential role Rh/RhAG and AQP1 proteins in erythrocyte gas transport, NH3 and CO2 transport was measured in erythrocyte ghost membrane vesicles from rare human variants (Rh(null), CO(null),) and knockout mice (homozygous AQP1-/-, Rh-/- and Rhag-/-) exhibiting well-characterized protein defects. Transport was measured from intracellular pH(More)
INTRODUCTION Probiotic bacteria have to survive passage through the gastrointestinal tract. In this placebo-controlled double-blind study, the effect of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v on the faecal flora was studied with and without gastric acid inhibition. METHODS Thirty-two healthy volunteers were given pantoprazole (40 mg/day) or placebo for 3 weeks from(More)
Human milk is considered to be the optimal source of infant nutrition. Some of the benefits of breastfeeding have been ascribed to human milk oligosaccharides (HMO). For instance, HMO can affect faecal characteristics such as stool consistency and stool frequency. Such effects on stool characteristics can be beneficial for young infants as hard stools and(More)
STUDY DESIGN Self-catheterising males aged ≥18 years with spinal cord lesion and normal/impaired urethral sensation were enrolled in this comparative, randomised, crossover and open-labelled multicentre trial. OBJECTIVES When possible, intermittent catheterisation is the preferred method of bladder emptying for neurogenic bladder dysfunction.(More)
The EBV immortalization technique was used to produce stable clones, from B lymphocytes, secreting human monoclonal antibodies to Rh(D), Rh(G), Rh(c), Rh(E), Kell, A and A1 blood group antigens. These clones were obtained from peripheral blood lymphocytes of hyperimmunized plasmapheresis donors or from spleen lymphocytes of immunized patients. Mean levels(More)