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Single molecule tracking provides unprecedented insights into diffusional processes of systems in life and material sciences. Determination of molecule positions with high accuracy and correct connection of the determined positions to tracks is a challenging task with, so far, no universal solution for single fluorescing molecules tackling the challenge of(More)
This tutorial review summarizes the most important results and developments in the field of polymer science by means of single molecule fluorescence spectroscopy (SMFS) at ambient temperatures. A broad range of topics will be addressed and it will be discussed which single molecule methods are suitable to get the maximum amount of information about polymer(More)
Monitoring of the formation of stable fluorescent nanoparticles from controlled mixing of a THF solution of poly(fluorene ethynylene)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) in a microfluidic laminar flow crossjunction by spatially resolved fluorescence spectroscopy reveals the time scale of particle formation as well as incorporation of small molecule guests and the(More)
Translational diffusion of single perylene diimide molecules in 25 nm thin polymer films was investigated by single molecule widefield fluorescence microscopy. Spatial heterogeneities in single molecule motion were detected and analyzed by a new, quantitative method which draws a comparison of log-Gaussian fits of experimentally determined diffusion(More)
Novel photolabile protecting groups based on the 2-(2-nitrophenyl)propoxycarbonyl (NPPOC) group with a covalently linked thioxanthone as an intramolecular triplet sensitizer exhibit significantly enhanced light sensitivity under continuous illumination. Herein we present a detailed study of the photokinetics and photoproducts of nucleosides caged with these(More)
DNA chips are widely used for genomic analysis. [1] Currently, high-density DNA chips can be synthesized with up to several hundred thousand different spots on an area of 1 cm 2. [2] In principle, the complete human genome can be probed with such a chip. [3] The required high spot densities can be achieved by photolithographic in situ DNA-chip synthesis. In(More)
A spectroscopic study of a variety of covalently linked thioxanthone(TX)-linker-2-(2-nitrophenyl)propoxycarbonyl(NPPOC)-substrate conjugates is presented. Herein, the TX chromophore functions as an intramolecular sensitizer to the NPPOC moiety, a photolabile protecting group used in photolithographic DNA chip synthesis. The rate of electronic energy(More)
Electroporation is a physical method of transferring molecules into cells and tissues. It takes advantage of the transient permeabilization of the cell membrane induced by electric field pulses, which gives hydrophilic molecules access to the cytoplasm. This method offers high transfer efficiency for small molecules that freely diffuse through electrically(More)