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A procedure is described to calibrate three-dimensional eye position with a dual-search coil implant in rhesus monkeys using a two-field magnetic system. The method allows one to determine the sensitivity of the search coils taking into account the presence of d.c. offset voltages. The orientation of the implant on the eye relative to a space-fixed(More)
In three rhesus monkeys three-dimensional eye positions were measured with the dual search coil technique. Recordings of spontaneous eye movements were made in the light and in the dark, with the monkeys in different static roll or pitch positions. Eye positions were expressed as rotation vectors. In all static positions eye rotation vectors were confined(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the accuracy of the bedside head impulse test (bHIT) by direct comparison with results from the quantitative head impulse test (qHIT) in the same subjects, and to investigate whether bHIT sensitivity and specificity changes with neuro-otological training. METHODS Video clips of horizontal bHIT to both sides were produced in patients(More)
Saccades are controlled by neurons in the brainstem reticular formation that receive input from the superior colliculus and cortex. Recently two quantitative models have been proposed for the role of the colliculus in the generation of three-dimensional eye movements. In order to test these models, three-dimensional eye movements were measured in the alert(More)
Stationary visual information has a stabilizing effect on posture, whereas moving visual information is destabilizing. We compared the influence of a stationary or moving fixation point to the influence of stationary or moving large-field stimulation, as well as the interaction between a fixation point and a large-field stimulus. We recorded body sway in 20(More)
PURPOSE Most studies on blink-induced eye movements have been restricted to rotations about the horizontal and vertical axes. By additionally measuring rotation about the torsional axis, the authors investigated whether the three-dimensional rotation of the eye during the early phase of eyelid closure could be assigned to the action of a single extraocular(More)
One of the signs of the cerebellar ocular motor syndrome is the inability to maintain horizontal and vertical fixation. Typically, in the presence of cerebellar atrophy, the eyes show horizontal gaze-evoked and vertical downbeat nystagmus. We investigated whether or not the cerebellar ocular motor syndrome also includes a torsional drift and, specifically,(More)
In rhesus monkeys, the dynamic properties of the torsional vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) are modified by otolith input: compared with torsional oscillations about an earth-vertical axis (canal-only stimulation), the phase lead observed at frequencies below 0.1 Hz is cancelled when the animals are rotated about an earth-horizontal axis (canal-and-otolith(More)
The rotation axis for each of the six extraocular muscles was determined in four eyes from three perfused rhesus monkeys. Measurements of the locations of muscle insertions and origins were made in the stereotaxic reference frame with the x-y plane horizontal and the x-z plane sagittal. The computed rotation axes of the horizontal recti were close to being(More)
We describe in detail the frequency response of the human three-dimensional angular vestibulo-ocular response (3-D aVOR) over a frequency range of 0.05-1 Hz. Gain and phase of the human aVOR were determined for passive head rotations in the dark, with the rotation axis either aligned with or perpendicular to the direction of gravity (earth-vertical or(More)