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Microglia are crucial for immune responses in the brain. Although their origin from the yolk sac has been recognized for some time, their precise precursors and the transcription program that is used are not known. We found that mouse microglia were derived from primitive c-kit(+) erythromyeloid precursors that were detected in the yolk sac as early as 8 d(More)
Hypertension and kidney damage in the double transgenic rat (dTGR) harboring both human renin and human angiotensinogen genes are dependent on the human components of the renin angiotensin system. We tested the hypothesis that monocyte infiltration and increased adhesion molecule expression are involved in the pathogenesis of kidney damage in dTGR. We also(More)
Aldosterone is implicated in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. We tested the role of the mineralocorticoid receptor in a model of angiotensin II-induced cardiac injury. We administered spironolactone (SPIRO; 20 mg. kg(-1). d(-1)), valsartan (VAL; 10 mg. kg(-1). d(-1)), or vehicle to rats double transgenic for the human renin and angiotensinogen genes(More)
The blood pressure-independent effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) were examined in double transgenic rats (dTGR) harboring human renin and human angiotensinogen genes, in which the end-organ damage is due to the human components of the renin angiotensin system. Triple-drug therapy (hydralazine 80 mg/L, reserpine 5 mg/L, and hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg/L in(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neuro-inflammatory disorder, which is marked by the invasion of the central nervous system by monocyte-derived macrophages and autoreactive T cells across the brain vasculature. Data from experimental animal models recently implied that the passage of leukocytes across the brain vasculature is preceded by their traversal(More)
Pre-eclampsia is a common, pregnancy-induced disorder, consisting of hypertension and proteinuria. The condition is one of the leading causes for maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Nonetheless, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Immunological mechanisms and the renin-angiotensin system have been implicated in the development of(More)
BACKGROUND Patterning and differentiation of developing musculatures require elaborate networks of transcriptional regulation. In Drosophila, significant progress has been made into identifying the regulators of muscle development and defining their interactive networks. One major family of transcription factors involved in these processes consists of(More)
To elucidate the local effects of renin in the coronary circulation, we examined local angiotensin (Ang) I and II formation, as well as coronary vasoconstriction in response to renin administration, and compared the effects with exogenous infused Ang I. We perfused isolated hearts from rats overexpressing the human angiotensinogen gene in a Langendorff(More)
BACKGROUND We recently identified agonistic autoantibodies directed against the angiotensin AT1 receptor (AT1-AA) in the plasma of preeclamptic women. To elucidate their role further, we studied the effects of AT1-AA on reactive oxygen species (ROS), NADPH oxidase expression, and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II-induced organ damage has fascinated students of hypertension since the work of Wilson and Byrom. We are investigating a double transgenic rat (dTGR) model, in which rats transgenic for the human angiotensinogen and renin genes are crossed. These rats develop moderately severe hypertension but die of end-organ cardiac and renal damage by(More)