Dominik K Linz

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OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate the interaction between blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) reduction and changes in left ventricular (LV) structure and function following renal sympathetic denervation (RDN). BACKGROUND Hypertension results in structural and functional cardiac changes. RDN reduces BP, HR, and LV mass and improves diastolic(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the relative impact of adrenergic and cholinergic activity on atrial fibrillation (AF) inducibility and blood pressure (BP) in a model for obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with sympathovagal disbalance, AF, and postapneic BP rises. Renal denervation (RDN) reduces renal efferent and possibly(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) causes negative tracheal pressure (NTP) and is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the mechanism of atrial electrophysiological changes during tracheal occlusion with or without applied NTP and to evaluate the role of vagal activation, Na(+)/H(+)exchanger (NHE), and(More)
Lixisenatide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 analog which stimulates insulin secretion and inhibits glucagon secretion and gastric emptying. We investigated cardioprotective effects of lixisenatide in rodent models reflecting the clinical situation. The acute cardiac effects of lixisenatide were investigated in isolated rat hearts subjected to brief ischemia(More)
Renal denervation has been developed in order to lower systolic blood pressure in resistant hypertension by a reduction in renal afferent and efferent sympathetic nerve activity. In heart failure sympathetic activation, in particular, renal norepinephrine release is closely associated with morbidity and mortality. Initial studies have shown that renal(More)
BACKGROUND Increased sympathetic activation during acute ventricular ischemia is involved in the occurrence of life-threatening arrhythmias. OBJECTIVE To test the effect of sympathetic inhibition by renal denervation (RDN) on ventricular ischemia/reperfusion arrhythmias. METHODS Anesthetized pigs, randomized to RDN or SHAM treatment, were subjected to(More)
AIMS Sympathetic stimulation induces left ventricular hypertrophy and is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) has been shown to reduce sympathetic outflow and blood pressure (BP). The present multi-centre study aimed to investigate the effect of RDN on anatomic and functional myocardial parameters, assessed(More)
Accumulating evidence has shown that the sympathetic nervous system plays an important role in the pathophysiology and progression of several chronic disorders, e.g., arterial hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, and in particular chronic kidney disease (CKD). Experimental and clinical studies provide evidence that sympathetic inhibition using(More)
Increased renal resistive index and urinary albumin excretion are markers of hypertensive end-organ damage and renal vasoconstriction involving increased sympathetic activity. Catheter-based sympathetic renal denervation (RD) offers a new approach to reduce renal sympathetic activity and blood pressure in resistant hypertension. The influence of RD on renal(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by repetitive collapses of the upper airway, negative thoracic pressure periods, and intermittent hypoxia, stimulating the autonomic nervous system. The increased sympathetic drive during obstructive sleep apnea results in postapneic blood pressure rises and neurohumoral activation potentially involved in the(More)