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Human data indicate an increased risk for cancer of the oral cavity for snuff dippers. Popular snuff products from the United States, Germany, Sweden, and Denmark were analyzed for tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines (TSNA). These compounds are formed during tobacco processing from nicotine, nornicotine, and anatabine and represent the only known carcinogens in(More)
All organisms react to noxious and mechanical stimuli but we still lack a complete understanding of cellular and molecular mechanisms by which somatosensory information is transformed into appropriate motor outputs. The small number of neurons and excellent genetic tools make Drosophila larva an especially tractable model system in which to address this(More)
BACKGROUND Protein glycosylation, the covalent attachment of carbohydrates, is very common, but in many cases the biological function of glycosylation is not well understood. Recently, fluorescence energy transfer experiments have shown that glycosylation can strongly change the global conformational distributions of peptides. We intend to show the physical(More)
2-Cyanoethyldiazohydroxide is a likely product of metabolic alpha-hydroxylation of 3-(methylnitrosamino)propionitrile (MNPN). The reaction of 2-(N-carbethoxy-N-nitrosamino)propionitrile, a stable precursor of 2-cyanoethyldiazohydroxide, with deoxyguanosine, catalyzed by porcine liver esterase, was investigated. Two major deoxyguanosine adducts were(More)
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