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Journals and Conferences
Dysfunctional N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor neurotransmission has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. It is thought that this abnormal functioning can be corrected by increasing availability of the NMDA co-agonist glycine through inhibition of glycine transporter type 1 (GlyT1). Herein is described the pharmacologic profile of… (More)
BACKGROUND Bitopertin (RG1678) is a glycine reuptake inhibitor currently in phase 3 trials for treatment of schizophrenia. This paper describes the use of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling and preclinical data to gain insights into and predict bitopertin clinical pharmacokinetics. METHODS Simulations of pharmacokinetics were initiated… (More)
The GlyT1 transporter has emerged as a key novel target for the treatment of schizophrenia. Herein, we report on the optimization of the 2-alkoxy-5-methylsulfonebenzoylpiperazine class of GlyT1 inhibitors to improve hERG channel selectivity and brain penetration. This effort culminated in the discovery of compound 10a (RG1678), the first potent and… (More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of strong and moderate cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inhibition on exposure of bitopertin, a glycine reuptake inhibitor primarily metabolized by CYP3A4, and to compare the results with predictions based on physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling. METHODS The effects of ketoconazole and erythromycin were assessed… (More)
Screening of the Roche compound library led to the identification of the benzoylpiperazine 7 as a structurally novel GlyT1 inhibitor. The SAR which was developed in this series resulted in the discovery of highly potent compounds displaying excellent selectivity against the GlyT2 isoform, drug-like properties, and in vivo efficacy after oral administration.
A novel class of 4-substituted-8-(1-phenyl-cyclohexyl)-2,8-diaza-spiro[4.5]decan-1-ones have been discovered and developed as potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitors. The molecules are devoid of activity at the GlyT2 isoform and display excellent selectivities against the mu opioid receptor as well as the nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptor. These… (More)
A novel class of 4-aryl-8-(2-hydroxy-2-phenyl-cyclohexyl)-2,8-diaza-spiro[4.5]decan-1- ones have been discovered and developed as potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitors. The molecules are devoid of activity at the GlyT2 isoform and display excellent selectivities against the mu-opioid receptor as well as the Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptor. In… (More)
Bitopertin (RG1678) is a glycine reuptake inhibitor in phase 3 trials for treatment of schizophrenia. Its clinical oral pharmacokinetics is sensitive to changes in drug substance particle size and dosage form. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) absorption model simulations of the impact of changes in particle size and dosage form (either capsules,… (More)
Benzoylisoindolines were discovered as a novel structural class of GlyT1 inhibitors. SAR studies and subsequent lead optimization efforts focused primarily on addressing hERG liability and on improving in vivo efficacy resulted in the identification of potent GlyT1 inhibitors displaying excellent selectivity and in vivo PD and PK profiles.
BACKGROUND During development of biologics, safety and efficacy assessments are often hampered by immune responses to the treatment. To assess active exposure of a drug peptide in a toxicology study, we developed an ex vivo potency assay which complemented the total drug quantification assay. METHODOLOGY Compound activity was assessed in samples of… (More)