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Nicotine, a component of tobacco, is highly addictive but possesses beneficial properties such as cognitive improvements and memory maintenance. Involved in these processes is the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha7, whose activation triggers depolarization, intracellular signaling cascades, and synaptic plasticity underlying addiction(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha7 (nAChR alpha7) is involved in central nervous system disorders like schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease as well as in inflammatory disorders like sepsis and pancreatitis. The present article describes the in vivo effects of JN403, a compound recently characterized to be a(More)
The interaction of tricyclic antidepressants with the human (h) alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in different conformational states was compared with that for the noncompetitive antagonist mecamylamine by using functional and structural approaches. The results established that: (a) [(3)H]imipramine binds to halpha4beta2 receptors with relatively(More)
We compared the interaction of fluoxetine and paroxetine, two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), with the human (h) alpha4beta2, alpha3beta4, and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in different conformational states, using Ca(2+) influx, radioligand binding, and molecular docking approaches. The results established that (1)(More)
The distribution and nature of (somatostatin) SRIF receptors and receptor mRNAs was studied in the brain and periphery of various laboratory animals using in situ hybridisation, autoradiography and radioligand binding. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of SRIF receptors msst1, msst2, msst3, msst4 and msst5 was studied in the adult mouse brain by in situ(More)
The E3/19K protein of human adenovirus type 2 binds to class I MHC Ags thereby interfering with their cell surface expression and Ag presentation function. Currently, it is unclear exactly which structure of MHC molecules is recognized by the E3/19K protein. We have previously demonstrated that the murine H-2Kd Ag is able to associate with E3/19K, whereas(More)
Serotonin 5-HT(7) receptors are present in astrocytes. Understanding their role in this type of cell would greatly benefit from the identification of astroglial cell lines expressing this receptor type. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of native 5-HT(7) receptors and 5-HT(7) receptor mRNA in a number of human glioblastoma cell(More)
Amyloid precursor-like protein 2 (APLP2) is a member of a protein family related to the amyloid precursor protein, which is implicated in Alzheimer's disease. Little is known about the physiological function of this protein family. The adenovirus E3/19K protein binds to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens in the endoplasmic reticulum,(More)
The clinical development of selective alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) agonists has hitherto been focused on disorders characterized by cognitive deficits (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia). However, α7 nAChRs are also widely expressed by cells of the immune system and by cells with a secondary role in pathogen defense. Activation(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activation of the α7 nicotinic ACh receptor (nACh receptor) is considered an attractive target for the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with neurological disorders. Here we describe the novel α7-nACh receptor agonist AQW051 as a promising drug candidate for this indication. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH AQW051 was functionally(More)