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Nicotine, a component of tobacco, is highly addictive but possesses beneficial properties such as cognitive improvements and memory maintenance. Involved in these processes is the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) alpha7, whose activation triggers depolarization, intracellular signaling cascades, and synaptic plasticity underlying addiction(More)
The mouse somatostatin (somatotropin release inhibiting factor, SRIF) sst(5) receptor coding sequence was cloned from a mouse BALB/c genomic library. It shows 97% and 81% homology with the corresponding rat and human receptors, respectively. The msst(5) receptor messenger RNA (mRNA) is present at low levels in the adult mouse brain, with significant(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha7 (nAChR alpha7) is involved in central nervous system disorders like schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease as well as in inflammatory disorders like sepsis and pancreatitis. The present article describes the in vivo effects of JN403, a compound recently characterized to be a(More)
Recombinant 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT7 receptors are known to express constitutive, i.e., agonist-independent activity. Nonselective ligands, like methiothepin, ritanserin or clozapine behave as full inverse agonists at 5-HT7 receptors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of inverse agonist activity of three selective 5-HT7 receptor(More)
The distribution and nature of (somatostatin) SRIF receptors and receptor mRNAs was studied in the brain and periphery of various laboratory animals using in situ hybridisation, autoradiography and radioligand binding. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of SRIF receptors msst1, msst2, msst3, msst4 and msst5 was studied in the adult mouse brain by in situ(More)
We compared the interaction of fluoxetine and paroxetine, two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), with the human (h) alpha4beta2, alpha3beta4, and alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in different conformational states, using Ca(2+) influx, radioligand binding, and molecular docking approaches. The results established that (1)(More)
This report describes the in vitro features of the first somatostatin sst(1) receptor selective non-peptide antagonist, SRA880 ([3R,4aR,10aR]-1,2,3,4,4a,5,10,10a-Octahydro-6-methoxy-1-methyl-benz[g] quinoline-3-carboxylic-acid-4-(4-nitro-phenyl)-piperazine-amide, hydrogen malonate). SRA was evaluated in a number of in vitro systems of various species, both(More)
The clinical development of selective alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) agonists has hitherto been focused on disorders characterized by cognitive deficits (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, schizophrenia). However, α7 nAChRs are also widely expressed by cells of the immune system and by cells with a secondary role in pathogen defense. Activation(More)
The interaction of tricyclic antidepressants with the human (h) alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in different conformational states was compared with that for the noncompetitive antagonist mecamylamine by using functional and structural approaches. The results established that: (a) [(3)H]imipramine binds to halpha4beta2 receptors with relatively(More)
Serotonin 5-HT(7) receptors are present in astrocytes. Understanding their role in this type of cell would greatly benefit from the identification of astroglial cell lines expressing this receptor type. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of native 5-HT(7) receptors and 5-HT(7) receptor mRNA in a number of human glioblastoma cell(More)