Dominik Eckardt

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Gap junctions are clustered channels between contacting cells through which direct intercellular communication via diffusion of ions and metabolites can occur. Two hemichannels, each built up of six connexin protein subunits in the plasma membrane of adjacent cells, can dock to each other to form conduits between cells. We have recently screened mouse and(More)
Gap junctional communication between microglia was investigated at rat brain stab wounds and in primary cultures of rat and mouse cells. Under resting conditions, rat microglia (FITC-isolectin-B4-reactive cells) were sparsely distributed in the neocortex, and most (95%) were not immunoreactive for Cx43, a gap junction protein subunit. At brain stab wounds,(More)
The murine gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) is expressed in blood vessels, with vastly different contribution by endothelial and smooth muscle cells. We have used the Cre recombinase under control of TIE2 transcriptional elements to inactivate a floxed Cx43 gene specifically in endothelial cells. Cre-mediated deletion led to replacement of the Cx43(More)
The molecular mechanisms regulating skeletal muscle regeneration and differentiation are not well understood. We analyzed the expression of connexins (Cxs) 40, 43 and 45 in normal and regenerating tibialis anterior muscle and in primary cultures of differentiating myoblasts in adult and newborn mice, respectively. Cxs 45 and 43, but not 40, were strongly(More)
To analyze the effect of connexin loss on the repair of wounded tail skin, we have studied the following transgenic mouse mutants: connexin30-/-, connexin31-/- and connexin43Cre-ER(T)/fl (for inducible deletion of the connexin43 coding region). Connexin43 and connexin31 are expressed in the basal and spinous layers of wild-type epidermis, whereas connexin31(More)
We analyzed the expression of connexin(Cx)43 in proliferating and differentiating C(2)C(12) cells and in myoblasts obtained from newborn mice. Cx43 was present in both cell types and under both conditions. The functional role of gap junctional communication (GJC) during terminal differentiation was evaluated in C(2)C(12) myoblasts in the presence or absence(More)
BACKGROUND Connexin 43 (Cx43) is a major determinant of conduction in the ventricular working myocardium of mammals. We investigated the effect of decreased Cx43 expression on conduction velocity and arrhythmogenesis using adult mice with inducible deletion of Cx43. METHODS AND RESULTS Cx43Cre-ER(T)/+ mice, in which 1 coding region of the Cx43 gene was(More)
Gap junctions are characteristically increased in the myometrium during term and preterm delivery and are thought to be essential for the development of uterine contractions during labour. Expression of connexin43 (Cx43), the major myometrial gap junction protein, is increased during delivery. We have generated a mouse mutant (Cx43fl/fl:SM-CreERT2), in(More)
The gap junction protein Connexin43 (Cx43) is expressed in various cell types during embryonic development and in adult mice. Cx43 null mice (Cx43-/-) die perinatally due to cardiac malformation. In order to define the major functional role of Cx43 gap junction channels in adult mice and to circumvent perinatal death as well as direct or indirect(More)
Mice harboring a null mutation in the gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) die shortly after birth due to an obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract of the heart. These hearts exhibit prominent pouches at the base of the pulmonary outlet, i.e., morphological abnormalities that were ascribed to Cx43-deficiency in neural crest cells. In order to(More)