Dominik Bengel

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Transporter-facilitated uptake of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) has been implicated in anxiety in humans and animal models and is the site of action of widely used uptake-inhibiting antidepressant and antianxiety drugs. Human 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) gene transcription is modulated by a common polymorphism in its upstream regulatory region. The(More)
Mood, emotion, cognition, and motor functions as well as circadian and neuroendocrine rhythms, including food intake, sleep, and reproductive activity, are modulated by the midbrain raphe serotonin (5-HT) system. By directing the magnitude and duration of postsynaptic responses, carrier-facilitated 5-HT transport into and release from the presynaptic neuron(More)
The sodium-dependent, high affinity serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] transporter (5-HTT) provides the primary mechanism for inactivation of 5-HT after its release into the synaptic cleft. To further evaluate the function of the 5-HTT, the murine gene was disrupted by homologous recombination. Despite evidence that excess extracellular 5-HT during(More)
The human serotonin transporter (5-HTT), encoded by a single gene on chromosome 17q11.2, is expressed in brain and blood cells. 5-HTT is implicated in mood and anxiety regulation, and is where antidepressant and antianxiety drugs initially act in the brain. A 5-HTT-linked promoter region (5-HTTLPR) insertion/deletion polymorphism with long (l) and short (s)(More)
The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) is a candidate locus for aetiological involvement in affective disorders. Biochemical studies in suicides and depressed patients suggest that 5-HT uptake function is frequently reduced in affective illness. Furthermore, 5-HTT is targeted by widely used antidepressant drugs such as fluoxetine. We have performed an(More)
By conferring allele-specific transcriptional activity on the 5-HT transporter gene promoter in humans, the 5-HT transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) influences a constellation of personality traits related to anxiety and increases the risk for neurodevelopmental, neurodegenerative, and psychiatric disorders. Here we have analyzed the(More)
Although modulation of symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) by serotonergic agents is well established, it is unclear whether an abnormality in the central serotonergic system is involved in its etiology. The serotonin (5-HT) transporter (5-HTT), which is the key modulator of serotonergic neurotransmission, is the target for serotonin reuptake(More)
BACKGROUND The heritability of interindividual variation in anxiety and other aspects of personality establishes that variants of genes influence these traits. A functional polymorphism in the promoter of the human serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4*C) was identified and found to be linked to an anxiety-related personality trait, Neuroticism. The(More)
We have isolated and characterized the 5′-flanking region and the proximal polyadenylation site of the human 5-HT transporter gene. The major gene transcript is 2,793 bp in length and it contains 208 bp of 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) and 694 bases of 3′-UTR. While only a single mRNA species occurs in rats and mice, the most proximal signal for(More)
We have isolated and characterized the 5'-flanking regulatory region of the murine serotonin 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) gene. A TATA-like motif and several potential binding sites for transcription factors, including two AP1, several AP2 and AP4 binding sites, CCAAT and GC boxes (SP1 binding sites), a nuclear factor-kappaB, and a cyclic AMP response(More)