Learn More
INTRODUCTION Schistosomiasis (bilharzia), one of the most relevant parasitoses of humans, is confirmed by microscopic detection of eggs in stool, urine, or organ biopsies. The sensitivity of these procedures is variable due to fluctuation of egg shedding. Serological tests on the other hand do not distinguish between active and past disease. In patients(More)
BACKGROUND Autopsy is an important educational and quality-control tool in the intensive care unit (ICU), but rates of traditional medical autopsies have declined worldwide. "Virtual" autopsy involving only advanced radiographic techniques might provide an alternative approach to postmortem examinations. OBJECTIVE To assess the value of postmortem(More)
We report a case of a 64-year-old veterinarian working in a state camel veterinary laboratory who was diagnosed with and treated for acute brucellosis with complicating epididymo-orchitis. Genomic tandem repeat analysis (MLVA-16) revealed identical Brucella strains in patient cultures and from different dromedary milk samples positive for Brucella(More)
BACKGROUND "Virtual" autopsy by postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) can replace medical autopsy to a certain extent but has limitations for cardiovascular diseases. These limitations might be overcome by adding multiphase PMCT angiography. OBJECTIVE To compare virtual autopsy by multiphase PMCT angiography with medical autopsy. DESIGN Prospective(More)
Parenteral artesunate has been shown to be a superior treatment option compared to parenteral quinine in adults and children with severe malaria. Little evidence, however, is available on long-term safety. Recently, cases of late-onset haemolysis after parenteral treatment with artesunate have been reported in European travellers with imported Plasmodium(More)
Hantaan virus, the etiological agent of Korean hemorrhagic fever, is transmitted to humans from persistently infected mice (Apodemus agrarius), which serve as the primary reservoir. Here we demonstrate that several strains of adult Mus musculus domesticus (C57BL/6, BALB/c, AKR/J, and SJL/J) were susceptible to Hantaan virus infection when infected(More)
A role of the heart in the pathophysiology of severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria has recently been suggested. The objective of the present study was to substantiate this finding in a large group of African children and to correlate results with metabolic conditions in these children. Furthermore, the impact of a potential cardiac impairment on outcome in(More)
A massive outbreak of chikungunya disease occurred on Sri Lanka in 2006. Reasons for the explosive nature of the epidemic are being intensively discussed. According to recognised and anecdotal concepts, absence of human population immunity against chikungunya virus (CHIKV) might have supported virus amplification. However, formal proof of concept is(More)
BACKGROUND Acute schistosomiasis constitutes a rare but serious condition in individuals experiencing their first prepatent Schistosoma infection. To circumvent costly and time-consuming diagnostics, an early and rapid diagnosis is required. So far, classic diagnostic tools such as parasite microscopy or serology lack considerable sensitivity at this early(More)
PURPOSE (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) combined with computed tomography (CT) is a promising new tool for the identification of infectious foci. The aim of our work was to evaluate the diagnostic value of FDG-PET/CT in critically ill patients with septic shock of unknown origin. METHODS We performed a single-center,(More)