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The study presented in this paper investigates auditory-only and auditory-visual (AV) consonant recognition where the talker's face is obscured by various types of face-concealing garments and headgear. Observers' consonant identification performance across the various 'facewear' conditions was tested both in quiet listening conditions (Experiment 1), and(More)
Our social evaluation of other people is influenced by their faces and their voices. However, rather little is known about how these channels combine in forming "first impressions." Over 5 experiments, we investigate the relative contributions of facial and vocal information for social judgments: dominance and trustworthiness. The experiments manipulate(More)
We evaluate a vowel formant normalisation technique that allows direct visual and statistical comparison of vowel triangles for multiple speakers of different sexes, by calculating for each speaker a 'centre of gravity' S in the F 1 ~ F 2 plane. S is calculated on the basis of formant frequency measurements taken for the so-called 'point' vowel [i], the(More)
A sociolinguist who has gathered so much data that it has become difficult to make sense of the raw observations can turn to graphical presentation, and to descriptive statistics, techniques for distilling a collection of data into a few key numerical values, allowing the researcher to focus on specific, meaningful properties of the data set (see, e.g.,(More)
One way of evaluating the salience of a linguistic feature is by assessing the extent to which listeners associate the feature with a social category such as a particular socioeconomic class, gender, or nationality. Such 'top-down' associations will inevitably differ somewhat from listener to listener, as a linguistic feature - the pronunciation of a vowel(More)
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