Dominic Thyagarajan

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We have analyzed Twinkle, the causative gene for autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia (adPEO) on chromosome 10, in 11 Australian autosomal dominant progressive external ophthalmoplegia families of Caucasian origin, and investigated whether there are distinct molecular and clinical features associated with mutations in this gene. We found(More)
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of all patients with cancer and brachial plexopathy who had an MRI of the brachial plexus between 1984 and 1993 (71 patients). The MRIs were reevaluated in a blinded fashion. The presence of a mass adjacent to the brachial plexus on MRI was highly predictive of tumor infiltration as determined by(More)
We report on a pedigree of dominantly-inherited, adult-onset Alexander disease caused by the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene mutation, R416W. This pedigree highlights the importance of genetic analysis of the GFAP gene in leukodystrophy with palatal tremor.
Respiratory chain complex I deficiency is a common cause of Leigh's disease (LD) and can be caused by mutations in genes encoded by either nuclear or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Most pathogenic mtDNA mutations act recessively and only cause disease when present at high mutant loads (typically >90%) in tissues such as muscle and brain. Two mitochondrial DNA(More)
Skeletal muscle mtDNA of three patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, characterized clinically by myoclonic epilepsy and ragged-red fiber (MERRF) syndrome, has been sequenced to determine the underlying molecular defect(s). An A-to-G substitution of nt 8344 in the tRNA(Lys) gene, a substitution suggested to be associated with MERRF(More)
BACKGROUND The mitochondrial DNA mutation A3302G in the tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene causes respiratory chain complex I deficiency. The main clinical feature appears to be a progressive mitochondrial myopathy with proximal muscle weakness. OBJECTIVE To report on clinical and molecular features in 4 novel patients with the A3302G mutation. DESIGN Case reports. (More)
The authors describe two patients with fixed shoulder elevation and prominent regional muscle hypertrophy that developed within days after local minor injury. The condition lacked several typical features of dystonia, such as the presence of torsional movements, task specificity, or relief by antagonistic gestures. These patient reports add to the growing(More)
We report a previously undescribed 7676 base pair mitochondrial (mt)DNA deletion involving genes of complex I, complex IV subunits 2 and 3 (cytochrome oxidase [Cox] II, III), adenosine triphosphatase 8 and 6, cytochrome b and 8 transfer (t)RNA genes producing myopathy and progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO) in a 44-year-old right-handed Caucasian man(More)
The patient initially presented with bilateral optic neuritis and periventricular cranial MRI abnormalities in the context of syphilis. Blood was positive but cerebrospinal fluid testing was negative for specific syphilis markers and he was oligoclonal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) band negative. He initially responded well to penicillin and corticosteriod(More)
Radiotherapy may cause central or peripheral nervous system complications, reported examples being myelopathy, brachial/lumbosacral plexopathies or predominantly motor lumbosacral radiculopathy. In the literature some studies regard camptocormia as a paravertebral myopathy and others as of neurogenic origin. We present a patient who developed camptocormia,(More)