Learn More
OBJECT The prevalence of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in patients with myelomeningocele has been reported to be in the region of 85%, and shunt-related complications are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Since 1997 the authors have adopted a stringent policy with respect to shunt placement in patients with myelomeningocele,(More)
The indications for surgical correction of craniosynostosis in which there is involvement of only one of the cranial vault sutures have traditionally been based upon the cosmetic merits of the deformity alone. Whilst it is now appreciated that intracranial hypertension is commonly associated with the more complex forms of craniosynostosis, this aspect has(More)
AIMS To evaluate the predictive value of symptoms, signs, and radiographic findings accompanying presumed ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt malfunction, by comparing presentation with operative findings and subsequent clinical course. METHODS Prospective study of all 53 patient referrals to a paediatric neurosurgical centre between April and November 1999(More)
OBJECT In this study the authors investigated whether patterns of intracranial venous drainage in children with complex craniosynostosis associated with raised intracranial pressure (ICP) were abnormal and, thus, could support the theory that venous hypertension is a major contributor to raised ICP that can lead to impaired visual function or even blindness(More)
OBJECTIVE The beaten copper appearance of the cranium, as well as other cranial radiographic and computed tomographic findings in children with craniosynostosis, is often interpreted by clinicians as evidence of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). However, a correlation between radiological findings and ICP measurements has not been previously(More)
The incidence of neural tube defects (NTDs) has declined in recent decades, however myelomeningocele and encephalocele still represent one of the commoner prenatally diagnosed congenital malformations. Improved perinatal and post natal care mean that the mortality associated with these conditions has also fallen. Advances in the multidisciplinary management(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the toxicity, response rate and short-term survival associated with the chemotherapy combinations of docetaxel plus cisplatin or carboplatin when used for the treatment of patients with metastatic carcinoma of unknown primary site. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-six patients were treated with docetaxel 75 mg/m2 i.v. and cisplatin 75 mg/m2(More)
OBJECTIVE Operative management of choroid plexus tumours is hindered by excessive bleeding and significant CSF production. Our aim was to assess whether the use of preoperative embolisation would increase the safety of surgery by reducing the perioperative blood loss and achieve higher rates of resection of the tumour. METHODS Between 1996 and 2009, 30(More)
Promoter hypermethylation and transcriptional silencing is a common epigenetic mechanism of gene inactivation in cancer. To identify targets of epigenetic silencing in paediatric intracranial ependymoma, we used a pharmacological unmasking approach through treatment of 3 ependymoma short-term cell cultures with the demethylating agent 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine(More)
BACKGROUND Ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection remains a significant problem. The introduction of antibiotic-impregnated shunt (AIS) systems in the prevention of shunt infection may represent a potential advance; however, there are no randomized controlled trials to establish a robust evidence-based practice. Previously published single-institution cohort(More)