Dominic Masters

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Earlier studies have shown that diets that increase tissue catabolism reduce the teratogenic effects of zinc deficiency. The hypothesis that zinc may be released from body tissues when the metabolic state is altered was further tested. Nonpregnant Sprague-Dawley females were injected with 65Zn; after equilibration, the two major pools of zinc, bone and(More)
Mature Merino ewes were given either a low-zinc diet (4 mg/kg) or an adequate-Zn diet (50 mg/kg) for all or part of pregnancy. The ewes consuming the low-Zn diet consumed 25% less feed than those given the adequate-Zn diet during the last 115 d of pregnancy. Zn concentration in the plasma of Zn-deficient pregnant ewes declined from 0.7 to 0.3 mg/l. The(More)
The effect of maternal metabolic state on the response to dietary zinc deficiency was assessed with the pregnant rat as a model. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed from mating to term: 1) a zinc-adequate (100 micrograms/g) control diet ad libitum, or 2) a zinc-deficient diet (0.7 micrograms/g) ad libitum, or 3) a control diet at reduced intake, or 4) a(More)
Global Positioning System (GPS) signals reflected from the ocean surface have potential use for various remote sensing purposes. Some possibilities are measurements of surface roughness characteristics from which wave height, wind speed and direction could be determined. In this paper, recent reflected GPS measurements collected via aircraft with a delay(More)
The utilization and distribution of copper during dietary copper deficiency was studied in the pregnant rat, and the effects of maternal copper deficiency on fetal development were compared with those of maternal zinc deficiency. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed from mating to term (per gram diet): 1) a control diet (10 micrograms copper, 100 micrograms zinc)(More)
[1] Global Positioning System (GPS) radio occultation (RO) is a space-borne remote sensing technique providing accurate, all-weather, high vertical resolution atmospheric parameters, including pressure, temperature and humidity in the troposphere and stratosphere. In the moist lower troposphere (LT) RO encounters known problem related to the phase-locked(More)
The carcass and eating quality of sheep grazing a saltbush dominant saline pasture system or on a 'control' dry pasture, stubble plot both supplemented with barley for 14 weeks was investigated (Experiment 1, 50 (2×25) 6 month merino lamb wethers and Experiment 2, 50 (2×25) 18 month old merino hogget wethers). Treatment had no significant effect on eating(More)
Methionine (Met) is usually the first limiting amino acid for sheep and supplements of Met may increase production of wool and meat. The wool response may be due to an increased supply of cysteine (Cys) from transsulfuration (TS) of Met. Met is catabolized through homocysteine to form Cys when the S from Met is transferred to serine (Ser). We hypothesized(More)
Wool growth is derived directly from protein synthesis in the skin of sheep, and is affected by the nutritional status of the animals. The present experiment examined both protein synthesis in the skin and muscle and wool growth in Merino lambs differing in live weight, intake and dietary protein source. The experiment was a 2(3) factorial design:(More)
Prenatal growth is sensitive to the direct and indirect effects of maternal dietary intake; manipulation can lead to behavioural and physiological changes of the offspring later in life. Here, we report on three aspects of how a high-salt diet during pregnancy (conception to parturition) may affect the offspring's response to high oral salt loads: (i)(More)