Dominic J. Ciavatta

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Some genes on the inactive X chromosome escape silencing. One possible escape mechanism is that heterochromatization during X inactivation can be blocked by boundary elements. DNA insulators are candidates for blocking because they shield genes from influences of their chromosomal environment. To test whether DNA insulators can act as boundaries on the X(More)
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) causes vascular injury that leads to small-vessel vasculitis. Patients with ANCA aberrantly express neutrophil granule-encoding genes, including 2 that encode autoantigens: proteinase 3 (PR3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). To uncover a potential transcriptional regulatory mechanism for PR3 and MPO disrupted in(More)
DNase I hypersensitive site 2 (HS 2) of the human beta-globin Locus Control Region (LCR) directs high level expression of the beta-globin gene located 50 kilobases downstream. Experiments in cultured cells and in transgenic mice demonstrate that duplicated AP1-like sites in HS 2 are required for this powerful enhancer activity. A cDNA clone encoding a(More)
CTCF is a conserved transcriptional regulator with binding sites in DNA insulators identified in vertebrates and invertebrates. The Drosophila Abdominal-B locus contains CTCF binding sites in the Fab-8 DNA insulator. Previous reports have shown that Fab-8 has enhancer blocking activity in Drosophila transgenic assays. We now confirm the enhancer blocking(More)
Polymorphic differences altering expression of genes without changing their products probably underlie human quantitative traits affecting risks of serious diseases, but methods for investigating such quantitative differences in animals are limited. Accordingly, we have developed a procedure for changing the expression in mice of chosen genes over a(More)
When transgenic mice that expressed human sickle hemoglobin were mated with mice having knockout mutations of the mouse alpha- and beta-globin genes, animals were produced that synthesized only human hemoglobin in adult red blood cells. Similar to many human patients with sickle cell disease, the mice developed a severe hemolytic anemia and extensive organ(More)
The human beta-globin Locus Control Region (LCR) has two important activities. First, the LCR opens a 200 kb chromosomal domain containing the human epsilon-, gamma- and beta-globin genes and, secondly, these sequences function as a powerful enhancer of epsilon-, gamma- and beta-globin gene expression. Erythroid-specific, DNase I hypersensitive sites (HS)(More)
beta zero-Thalassemia is an inherited disorder characterized by the absence of beta-globin polypeptides derived from the affected allele. The molecular basis for this deficiency is a mutation of the adult beta-globin structural gene or cis regulatory elements that control beta-globin gene expression. A mouse model of this disease would enable the testing of(More)
Proteinase 3 (PR3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) are two major autoantigens in patients with vasculitis with ANCA. The genes encoding these autoantigens are abnormally expressed in peripheral granulocytes of patients with active ANCA-associated vasculitis. This study provides evidence that this transcriptional dysregulation results in a variety of mRNA(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a target antigen for antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA). There is evidence that MPO-ANCA cause necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis (NCGN) and vasculitis. NCGN severity varies among patients with ANCA disease, and genetic factors influence disease severity. The role of genetics in MPO-ANCA NCGN severity was(More)